Heds of State/Jefes de Estado
  Eastern Africa Africa del Este
 

 

Burundi

 



s. V a.c – s. VI d.c: Urewe

 

s. VI – 1680: Hutu

 

1680 – 1884: Kingdom/Ubg-ami/Royaume

 

1884 – 1916: Germany/Ubudagi/Allemagne

 

1916 – 61: Belgium/Ububirigi/Belgique

 

1961 – 62: Autonomy/Autonomie

 

1962 – 66: Kingdom/Ubg-ami/Royaume

 

1966 -: Republic/Republika/Republique

 

German Commander/Umudage I-Bigirizwa/Comandant Allemagne

Prime Ministers/Ministre Mukuru/Premier Ministre

1898 – 1902: Werner von Grawert

1961: Joseph Cimpaye



1902 – 04: Robert von Beringe

1961: Louis Rwagasore

1904 – 07: Werner von Grawert

1961 – 63: André Muhirwa

German Residents/Umudage/Resident Allemagne

1963 – 64: Pierre Ngendandumwe

1907 – 08: Werner von Grawert

1964 – 65: Albin Nyamoya

1908 – 09: Heinrich Fonck

1965: Pierre Ngendandumwe

1909: Eberhard Gudowius

1965: Pié Masumbuko

1909: Erich von Langenn-Steinkeller

1965: Joseph Bamina

1909 – 10: Otto Brentzel

1965 – 66: Léopold Biha

1910 – 11: Wilhelm Göring

1966 – 72: Michel Micombero

1911 – 12: Kurt von Stegmann und Stein

1972 – 73: Albin Nyamoya

1911 – 13: Erich von Langenn-Steinkeller

1976 – 78: Édouard Nzambimana

1913 – 14: von Boch

1978 – 87: Jean-Baptiste Bagaza

1914 – 15: Schimmer

1988 – 93: Adrien Sibomana

1915: Wentzel

1993 – 94: Sylvie Kinigi

1915 – 16: Erich von Langenn-Steinkeller

1994 – 95: Anatole Kanyenkiko

Belgian Residents/Ububirigi Tahiriro/Resident Belgique

 

1995 – 96: Antoine Nduwayo

1916 – 18: Edouard van den Eede

1996 – 98: Pascal-Firmin Ndimira

1919 – 28: Pierre Marie Joseph Ryckmans

 

1928 – 29: Oscar Defawe

Foreign Ministers/Umu-nyamahānga Ministre/ Ministre des Affaires étrangères  

1930: Charles de l'Epine

1962 – 63: Lorgio Nimubona

1930 – 33: Léon Borgers

1964 – 65: Joseph Mbazumutima 

1933 – 35: Oger Coubeau

1965 – 66: Marc Manirakiza

1935 – 37: Hambart

1966 – 67: Pié Masumbuko

1938 – 40: René Verstappen

1967: Prime Niyongabo

1941 – 4.: George Victor Sandrart

1967: Michel Micombero

1944 – 53: Robert Schmidt

1967 – 69: Lazare Ntawurishira

1956: Siroux

1969 – 71: Libère Ndabakwaje

1956 – 59: Robert Scheyven

1971 – 74: Artémon Simbananiye

1959 – 61: Ivan Reisdorff

1974 – 75: Gilles Bimazubute

1961 – 62: Roberto Régnier

1975 – 76: Melchior Bwakira

 

High Representatives/Haut-Representant

1976 – 78: Albert Muganga

1962: Edouard Henniquiau

1978 – 82: Édouard Nzambimana

 

Kings/Umw-ami/Roi

1982 – 86: Laurent Nzeyimana

1852 – 1908: Mwezi IV Gisabo

1986 – 87: Egide Nkuriyingoma

1908 – 15: Mutaga IV Mbikije

1987 – 92: Cyprien Mbonimpa

 1915 – 66: Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng

1992 – 93: Libère Bararunyeretse

1966: Ntare V Ndizeye

1993: Sylvestre Ntibantunganya

Presidents/Perezida

1993 – 95: Jean-Marie Ngendahayo

1966 – 76: Michel Micombero

1995: Paul Munyembari

1976 – 87: Jean-Baptiste Bagaza

1995 – 96: Vénérand Bakevyumusaya

1987 – 93: Pierre Buyoya

 

1996 – 98: Luc Rukingama

1993: Melchior Ndadaye

1998 – 2001: Séverin Ntahomvukiye

1993 – 94: Sylvie Kinigi

2001 – 05: Thérence Sinunguruza

1994: Cyprien Ntaryamira

2005 – 09: Antoinette Batumubwira

1994 – 96: Sylvestre Ntibantunganya

2009 – 11: Augustin Nsanze

1996 – 2003: Pierre Buyoya

2011 – 15: Laurent Kavakure

2003 – 05: Domitien Ndayizeye

2015 -:  Alain Aimé Nyamitwe

2005 -: Pierre Nkurunziza

 

 

Comoros/Komori/ جزر القمر (Al-Qumur)

 

s. VI – s. XI: Bantu/البانتويون (Al-Bantueuna)/Bantous

 

 

 

s. XI – 1500: Arabs/ عرب (Araba)/Arabu/Arabes

 

 

 

1500 – 1886: Sultanate/ سلطنة(Saltanat)/Sultanat

 

 

 

1886 – 1946: France/ فرنسا (Fransa)/Mfaransa

 

 

 

1946 – 61: Overseas Territory/ أقاليم ما وراء البحار (al-Qalim Mawara al Bahar)/Territoire de Outre-Mer

 

 

 

1961 – 75: Autonomy/ الحكم الذاتي (al-Hokmedaty)/Autonomie

 

 

 

1975 – 78: State/دولة (Dawlat)/Etat/Hali

 

 

 

1978 – 2001: Federal Islamic Republic/ الاتحادية والجمهورية الإسلامية (Teletehadiya al-Jumhuriyat al-Islamiyyah/ République fédérale islamique

 

 

 

2001 -: Union/الاتحاد (al-Ittiād)/Udzima

 

 

 

 

Governors/Gouvernaurs/ حاكم

 

Vice pres. of the Gov. Council/ Vice Pres. du Conseil de Gouvernement/Sawiri/ نائب رئيس مجلس الحكومة (Hukuuma)

Ngazidja/Grand-Comore/ أنغازيدجا

1900 – 02: Pierre Hubert Auguste Pascal پِئرّء هُبءرت اُغُستء پَسثَل

 1957 – 62: Mohamed Ahmed محمد أحمد

 

French Residentt/Resident Français/Frantsa/ الفرنسية المقيم

1902 – 05: Alfred Albert Martineau الفرءد البءرت مَرتِنءَُ

 

Presidents of the Government Council/ Pres. du Conseil de Gouvernement/ Sawiri/ رئيس مجلس الحكومة (Hukuuma)

1902 – 03: René Pierre بيير رينيه

1905 – 06: Jean Auguste Gaston Joliet جأَن اُغُستء غَستُن جُلِئت

 1962 – 72: Said Mohamed Cheikh وقال محمد شيخ

1903: Louis Lemaire لويس لومير

1906 – 08: Fernand Foureau فءرنَند فُورءَُ

 1972: Said Mohamed Jaffar وقال محمد جعفر

1903 – 04: Massol مَسُّل

 

Administrators/Administrateaurs/Sirikali/ لإداريون

 1972 – 75: Ahmed Abdallah Abderemane أحمد عبد الله عبد الرحمن

1904 – 07: Carten ثَرتءن

1908 – 11: Charles Henri Vergnes شَرلءس هءنرِ ڤءرغنءس

 

Prime Ministers/Premier Ministre/ رئيس الوزراء

1907 – 09: Pierre Martin بيار مارتن

1911: Frédéric Estèbe فرءدءرِث أستءبء

1976 – 78: Abdallah Mohamed عبد الله محمد

1909 – 11: Ernest Lachat أرنءست لَشَت

1911 – 13: Gabriel Samuel Garnier-Mouton غَرِئل سَمُؤل غَرنِئرمُوتُن

1978 – 82: Salim Ben Ali سالم بن علي

1911 – 12: Pierre Martin بيار مارتن

1913 – 14: Honoré Cartron هُنُرء ثَرترُن

1982 – 84: Ali Mroudjae مرُودجَأ علي

 

Sultan سلطان

1914 – 46: Madagascar/ مدغشقر

1992: Mohamed Taki Abdoulkarim محمد تقي عبد الكريم

1886 – 1911: Saidi Ali bin Saidi Omar  سعيدي سعيدي علي بن عمر          

 

Administrators-superior/Administrateurs-superior/ Sirikali

 1993: Ibrahim Abderamane Halidi إبراهيم هاليدي

1912 – 46: Madagascarr/ مدغشقر

1946 – 48: Eugène Alain Charles Louis Alaniou أُغءنء الَِن شَرلءسلُوس الَنُِو

1993: Said Ali Mohamed وقال علي محمد

1946 – 68: Collectivities/Collectivite/ الجماعية

1948 – 50: Roger Marie Adolphe Emmanuel Rémy رُغءر مَرِئ ادُلپهءأمَّنُؤل رءمي

1993 – 94: Ahmed Ben Cheikh Attoumane اتُّومَنء الشيخ احمد بن

1968 – 73: Prefecture/ المحافظة

1950 – 56: Pierre Léonard Alphonse Coudert پِئرّء لؤُنَرد الپهُنسء ثُودءرت

1994: Mohamed Abdou Madi محمد عبده ماضي

1973 – 78: Comores/ Komori/ جزر القمر (Al-Qumur)

1956 – 59: Georges Victor Maurice Arnaud غؤُرغءس ڤِثتُر مَُرِثء ارنَُد

1994 – 95: Halifa Houmadi هَلِفَ هُومَدِ

1978 –  2002: Govenorate/Gouvernorate/ ولاية

1959 – 60: Georges Gabriel Joseph Savignac غؤُرغءس غَبرِئل جُسءپه سَڤِغنَث

1995 – 96: Caabi El-Yachroutu Mohamed ثَابِ أل يَشرُوتُ مُهَمءد

2002 -: Autonomous Region/ Région autonome/ الحكم الذاتي

1960 – 62: Louis Joseph Édouard Saget لُِس چُسءپه أدُورد صَغءت

1996: Tadjidine Ben Said Massounde تاج الدين بن سعيد مسوندي

 

Presidents رؤساء (Rais)

 

High Commissioners/Haut-commissaire/Juu Kumsera المفوض السامي

 1996 – 97: Ahmed Abdou

 2002 – 07: Abdou Soulé Elbak ابدُو سُولء ألبَك

1962 – 63: Yves de Daruvar ئڤءس دء ضَرُڤَر

1997 – 98: Nourdine Bourhane بُورهَنّء نور الدين

2007:Soulé Ahamada Mroivili سُولء اهَمَدَ مرُِڤِلِ

1963 – 66: Henri Joseph Marie Bernard هءنرِ جُسءپه مَرِئ بءرنَرد

1998 – 99: Abbas Djoussouf دجُوسُّوف عباس

2007: Soudjay Hamadi سُودجَي هَمَدِ

1966 – 69: Antoine Paduan Colombani انتُِنء پَدَُن ثُلُمبَنِ

1999 – 2000: Bianrifi Tarmidi بَِنرِفِ تَرمِدِ

2007 – 09: Mohamed Abdouloihabi

1969 -  75: Jacques Mouradian جَثقُؤس مُورَدَِن

 2000 – 02: Hamada Madi حماده ماضي

Governors/ محافظ

Presidents/ رؤساء (Rais)

 

2009 – 11: Mohamed Abdouloihabi

 1975: Ahmed Abdallah Abderemane أحمد عبد الله عبد الرحمن

Foreign Ministers/Ministre des Affaires étrangères/Ndroongoo/ الخارجية الحاليين               

2011 -:  Mouigni Baraka Said Soilihi

 1975 – 76: Said Mohamed Jaffar وقال محمد جعفر

 1975: Ahmed Abdallah Abderemane أحمد عبد الله عبد الرحمن

 

 1976 – 78: Ali Soilih Mtsashiwa سُِلِه مِتسَشِوَ علي

 1975 – 76: Said Mohamed Jaffar وقال محمد جعفر

 

1978: Said Ahmed Athoumane اثُومَنء وقال أحمد

 1976: Ali Soilih Mtsashiwa سُِلِه مِتسَشِوَ علي

 

 1978: Ahmed Abdallah Abderemane أحمد عبد الله عبد الرحمن ,Mohamed Ahmed محمد أحمد

1976 – 78: Abdallah Mouzaoir مُوزَُِر عبدالله

 

 1978 – 89: Ahmed Abdallah Abderemane أحمد عبد الله عبد الرحمن

 1978 – 82: Ali Mroudjae مرُودجَأ علي

 

1989: Haribon Chebani

1982 – 90: Said Kafe وقال كافي

 

 1989 – 95: Said Mohamed Djohar سعيد محمد جوهر

1990 – 91: Mtara Maecha متارا مايكا

 

1995: Ayouba Combo ايُوبَ ثُمبُ

1991 – 93: Said Hassane Said Hachim وقال سعيد حسن هاشم

 

1995: Mohamed Taki Abdoulkarim محمد تقي عبد الكريم, Said Ali Kemal وقال علي كمال

 1993: Said Ahmed Athoumane اثُومَنء وقال أحمد

 

1995 – 96: Caabi El-Yachroutu Mohamed ثَابِ أل يَشرُوتُ مُهَمءد

1993 – 94: Mouslim Ben Moussa مُوسلِم بن موسى

 

 1996: Said Mohamed Djohar سعيد محمد جوهر

1994 – 95: Said Mohamed Sagaf وقال محمد سقاف

 

1996 – 98: Mohamed Taki Abdoulkarim محمد تقي عبد الكريم

1995: Mohamed Abdoulwahab ادُولوَهَب محمد

 

 1998 – 99: Tadjidine Ben Said Massounde تاج الدين بن سعيد مسوندي

1995 – 96: Abdallah Mouzaoir مُوزَُِر عبدالله

 

 1999 – 2002: Azali Assoumani غزالي عثماني

1996 – 97: Said Omar Said Ahmed وقال عمر سعيد أحمد

 

 2002: Hamada Madi حماده ماضي

1997: Mouhtar Ahmed Charif مُوهتَر اهمءد شَرِف

 

2002 – 06: Azali Assoumani غزالي عثماني

1997 – 98: Ibrahim Ali Mzimba ابراهيم علي مزمبا

 

 2006 – 11: Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi أحمد عبدالله محمد سامبي

 1998: Salim Himidi سليم حميدي

 

2011 -: Ikililou Dhoinine إكليل ظنين

1998 – 99: Nidhoim Attoumane نِدهُِم اتُّومَنء

 

 

1999 – 2002: Souef Mohamed El-Amine محمد الأمين

 

 

 2002: Halidi Charif هَلِدِ شَرِف

 

 

2002 – 05: Souef Mohamed El-Amine محمد الأمين

 

 

2002 – 06: Aboudou Soefou ابُودُو سُؤفُو

 

 

2006 – 10: Ahmed Said Jaffar وقال احمد جعفر

 

 

2010 – 11: Fahmi Said Ibrahim

 

 

2011 – 13: Mohamed Bakri Ben Abdoulfatah Charif

 

 

2013 – 15: El-Anrif Said Hassane

 

 

2015 -: Abdoulkarim Mohamed

 

 

 

Djibouti

 

2500 a.c – 1285 d.c: Afar

 

 

1285 – 1415: Ifat

 

 

1415 – 1577: Adal/ عدل (Adala)

 

 

1577 – 1882: Ottoman/العثمانية (Usmaniyy)

 

 

1882 – 1977: France/ فرنسا (Fransa)

 

 

1977 -: Republic/ جمهورية (al- Jumhūrīyāt)/Republique

 

 

 

Governors/ حاكم /Gouvernaur

 

Vice presidents of the Government Council/ نائب رئيس مجلس الحكومة/ Vice Pres. du Conseil de Gouvernement

1900: Gabriel Louis Angoulvant غَبرِئل لُوس انغُولڤَنت

1957 – 58: Mahamoud Harbi Farah فرح محمود الحربي

1900 – 04: Adrien Jules Jean Bonhoure  ادرِئن جُلءس جأَن بُونهُورء

1958 – 59: Hassan Gouled Aptidon حسن جولد أبتيدون

1904: Albert Dubarry البءرت دُبَرّي

 1959 – 60: Ahmed Dini Ahmed أحمد ديني أحم

1904 – 15: Pierre Hubert Auguste Pascal پِئرّء هُبءرت اُغُستء پَسثَل

1960 – 66: Ali Aref Bourhan الِ ارءف بُورهَن

1915 – 16: Paul Simoni پَُل سِمُنِ

1966 – 67: Abdallah Mohamed Kamil عبد الله محمد كامل

1916 – 18: Victor Marie Fillon ڤِثتُر مَرِئ فِلُّن

 

Presidents of the Government Council رئيس مجلس الحكومة&/ Vice Pres. du Conseil de Gouvernement

1918 – 24: Jules Gérard Auguste Lauret جُلءس غءرَرد اُغُستء لَُرءت

1967 – 76: Ali Aref Bourhan الِ ارءف بُورهَن

1924 – 32: Pierre Aimable Chapon-Baissac پِئرّء اِمَبلء شَپُنبَِسَّث

1976 – 77: Abdallah Mohamed Kamil عبد الله محمد كامل

1932 – 34: Louis Placide Blacher لُوس پلَثِدء بلَشءر

Prime Ministers/ رئيس الوزراء/Premier Ministre

1934 – 35: Jules Marcel de Coppet جُلءس مَرثءل دء ثُپّءت

 1977: Hassan Gouled Aptidon حسن جولد أبتيدون

1935: Achille Louis Auguste Silvestre اشِلّء لُوس اُغُستء سِلڤءسترء

1977 – 78: Ahmed Dini Ahmed أحمد ديني أحم

1935 – 37: Armand Léon Annet ارمَند لؤُن انّءت

1978: Abdallah Mohamed Kamil عبد الله محمد كامل

1937 – 38: Marie François Julien Pierre-Alype مَرِئ فرَنçُِس جُلِئن پِئرّء اليپء

1978 – 2001: Barkat Gourad Hamadou بركات غوراد حمادو

1938 – 40: Hubert Jules Deschamps هُبءرت جُلءس دءسشَمپس

 2001 – 13: Dileita Mohamed Dileita دليطة محمد دليطة

1940: Gaëtan Louis Elie Germain غَأتَن لُِس ألِئ غءرمَِن

2013 -:  Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed عبد القادر كمال محمد

1940 – 42: Pierre Marie Elie Louis Nouailhetas پِئرّء مَرِئ ألِئ لُوس نُولهءتَس

 

1942: Edmond Gustave Dupont أدمُند غُستَڤء دُپُنت

 

1942 – 43: Ange Marie Charles André Bayardelle انغء مَرِئ شَرلءس اندرء بَيَردءلِئ

 

1943 – 44: Michel Raphaël Antoine Saller مِشءل رَپهَأل انتُِنء سَلّءر

 

1944 – 46: Jean Victor Louis Joseph Chalvet جأَن ڤِثتُر لُوس جُسءپه شَلڤءت

 

1946 – 50: Paul Henri Siriex پَُل هءنرِ سِرِئش

 

1950 – 54: Numa François Henri Sadoul نُمَ فرَنçُِس هءنرِ سَدُول

 

1954: Roland Joanes Louis Pré رُلَند جَُنءس لُوس پرء

 

1954 – 57: René Jean Albert Petitbon رءنء جأَن البءرت پءتِتبُن

 

1957 – 58: Maurice Meker مَُرِثء مءكءر

 

1958 – 62: Jacques Marie Julien Compain جَثقُؤس مَرِئ جُلِئن ثُمپَِن

 

1962 – 66: René Tirant رءنء تِرَنت

 

1966 – 67: Louis Joseph Édouard Saget لُوس جُسءپه أدُورد سَغءت

 

 

High Commissioners/ المفوض السامي/ Haut-commissaire

 

1967 – 69: Louis Joseph Édouard Saget لُوس جُسءپه أدُورد سَغءت

 

 1969 – 71: Dominique Ponchardier دُمِنِقُؤ پُنشَردِئر

 

1971 – 74: Georges Thiercy غؤُرغءس ثِئرثي

 

1974 – 76: Christian Dablanc شرِستَِن دَبلَنث

 

1976 – 77: Camille d'Ornano ثَمِلّء د`ُرنَنُ

 

Presidents/رؤساء (Rais)

 

 1977 – 99: Hassan Gouled Aptidon حسن جولد أبتيدون

 

 1999 -: Ismail Omar Guelleh اسماعيل عُمر جليه

 

 

 

Eritrea/ሃገረ (Ertra)

 

2500 a.c – 900 a.c: Gash

 

900 a.c – 400 a.c: Damot

 

400 a.c – s. X d.c: Axum/ኣኽሱም

 

s. X – 1557: Medri Bahri/ምድሪ ባሕሪ

 

1557 – 1813: Ottoman

 

1813 – 26: Egypt

 

1826 – 46: Ottoman

 

1846 – 49: Egypt

 

1849 – 1885: Ottoman

 

1885 – 1951: Italy

 

1951 – 52: UN/ሃገር ሕቡራት (Hager Hburat)

 

1952 – 93: Ethiopia/ኢትዮጵያ

 

State/ሃገረ (Hagere)

 

 

Governors/ حاكم

Foreign Ministers/ባእዳዊሚኒስተር/ الخارجية الحاليين

 1897 – 1907: Ferdinando Martini rዲነn rቲኒ فرديناندو مارتيني

1993 – 94: Mahmoud Sherifo/ hud ሽሪፎ/ محمود شريفو

1907 – 15: Giuseppe Salvago Raggi up lቨጎ ረጚ/غُِسءپّء سَلڤَغُ رَغِّ

 1994 – 97: Petros Solomon/ ts ሶሎሞn/ بطرس سولومون

1915 – 16: Giovanni Cherina Ferroni on ጭሪነ rሮኒ/ غُِڤَنِّ شءرِنَ فءرُّنِ

1997 – 2000: Haile Woldetensae/ i lድትne / هايلي ولد تنساي

1916 – 19: Giacomo De Martino aቾሞ rቲኖ غَِثُمُ دء مَرتِنُ

 2000 – 05: Ali Said Abdella ድለ/ علي سعيد عبد الله

1919 – 20: Camillo De Camillis ቸሚl ቸሚls /ثَمِلُّ دء ثَممِلِّس

2005 – 07: Mohamed Omar/ ሞሀምd or/محمد عمر

1920 – 21: Ludovico Pollera/ ሉዶቪቾ lልረ/ لُدُڤِثُ پُلّءرَ

 2007 -: Osman Saleh عثمان صالح

1921 – 23: Giovanni Cherina Ferroni / on ጭሪነ rሮኒ/ غُِڤَنِّ شءرِنَ فءرُّنِ

 

1923 – 28: Jacopo Gasparini/ ጀቾፖ sፐሪኒ/ جَثُپُ غَسپَرِنِ

 

1928 – 30: Corrado Zoli rረዶ ዞሊ/ ثُرَّدُ زُلِ

 

1930 – 35: Riccardo Astuto dei Duchi di Lucches ሪⶨr asቱቶ i ዱጪ ሉⶽሲ /i رِثَّردُ استُتُ دءِ دُشِ دِ لُثشءسِ

 

1935: Ottone Gabeli/ otቶን ገብሊ/ اتُّنء غَبءلِ

 

1935: Emilio Giuseppe Gaspar de Bono / eሚሊo up sr ቦኖ/ أمِلُِ غُِسّءپّء غَسپَر دء بُنُ 

 

 1935 – 36: Pietro Badoglio et በዶgo/ بييترو بادوليو

 

1936 – 37: Alfredo Guzzoni alfርዶ ጉⶶኒ ا/لفرءدُ غُزُّنِ

 

1937: Vincenzo De Feo/ nn o/ ڤِنثءنزُ دء فءُ

 

1937 – 40: Giuseppe Daodice/ up oዲች/ غُِسءپّء دَُدِثء

 

1940 – 41: Luigi Frusci/ i fs/ لُِغِ فرُسثِ

 

 

Administrator sመመሓደሪ/ الإداريون

 

 1941 – 42: William Platt/ lam ptt/ وِلَِّم پلَتّ

 

1942 – 44: Stephen Hemsley Longrigg/ sትጵn msy nggg/ ستءپهءن هءمسلءي لُنغرِغّ

 

1944 – 45: C.D. McCarthy  ث. د. مثَّرثي

 

1945 – 46: John Meredith Benoy hn ምርዲth ብኖy/  جُهن مءرءدِث بءنُي

 

1946 – 51: Francis Greville Drew/ fns gርቪl dw/ فرَنثِس غرءڤِلّء درءو

 

 

UN High Commissioner/ሕቡራት/ مفوض الأمم المتحدة

 

1951 – 52: Edoardo Anze Matienzo/ er an መቲen /أدَُردُ ارزء مَتِئنزُ

 

 

Chief Administratorሓለቓ sመመሓደሪ/ رئيس ومدير البرنامج

 

1951 – 52: Duncan Camerone Cumming/ nn ቸምሮን mng/دُنثَن ثَمءرُنء ثُمِّنغ

 

 

Chief Executives ሓለቓ/ رؤساء التنفيذيين

 

1952 – 55: Ato Tedla Bairu/ a d i ا تُ تءدلَ اِرُ

 

1955 – 59: Asfaha Woldemikael/ asፈሀ lድሚከel/ اسفَهَ وُلدءمِكَأل

 

1959 – 62: Abiye Abebe ابِيء ادءبء

 

 

Governors-general/ጀነራል/ العامة حاكم

 

1962 – 64: Abiye Abebe ابِيء ادءبء

 

1964 – 70: Ras Asrata-Medhin Kassa رَس اسرَتءمءذِن كَسَّ

 

1970 – 74: Debebe Haile Maryam دءبءبء هَِلء مَريَم

 

1974 – 91: Ato Amanuel Amde Mikael اتُ امَنُؤل امدء مِكَأل

 

 

Secretary-general of the Provisional Government/መንግስቲ ጀነራ ልጸሓፋይ// الامين العام للحكومة المؤقتة

 

1991 – 93: Isaias Afewerki/ ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቂ/ أسياس أفورقي 

 

Presidents/ኣቦ መንበር/ رؤساء (Rais)

 

1993 -: Isaias Afewerki / ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቂ/ أسياس أفورقي

 

 

 

Ethiopia/ ኢትዮጵያ(Itəyop'əya)

 

3000 a.c – 400 a.c: Punt/ፑንት

 

 

400 a.c – 980 d.c: Axum/አክሱም

 

 

980 – 1268: Kingdom/ መንግስት (Mängst)

 

 

1268 – 1936: Empire/ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ

 

 

1936 – 1941: Italy/ጣልያን (T´aliyan)

 

 

1941 – 74: Empire/ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ

 

 

1974 – 87: Socialist Republic/ ጾሳሊስታዊ ሪፐብሊክ  (Sosalistawi Rīpeblīk)

 

 

1987 – 91: People's Democratic Republic/ሕዝባዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ (Həzbāwī Dīmōkrāsīyāwī Rīpeblīk)

 

 

1991 – 95: State/Kflä Hägär

 

 

1995 -: Federal Democratic Republic/ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ (Fēdēralāwī DēmōkrāsīyāwīRīpeblīk)

 

 

 

Emperors/ ንጉሠ ነገሥት/ Nəgusä Nägäst

 

Chief ministers/ሚኒስትርመሪ/Mari ministr

 1889 – 1913: Menelik II ምኒልክ

1909 – 27: Habte Giyorgis b ጊዮrs

 1913 – 16: Iyasu V ኢያሱ

1927 – 36: Haile Selassie ኃይለ፡ ሥላሴ

 1916 – 36: Haile Selassie ኃይለ፡ ሥላሴ

1936 – 42: Wolde Tzaddick l ፀዺ

 

High Commissioners/ፍተኛ /Käftänya

Prime ministers/ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር/T'äqlay ministr

 1935: Emilio Giuseppe Gaspar Giovanni de Bono eሚሊo up sr on ቦኖ

1942 – 57: Makonnen Endelkachew መኮnn lከጭ

1935 – 36: Pietro Badoglio et በዶgo

1957 – 60: Abebe Aragai አበበ አረጋይ

 

Governors-general/አገረ ገዥጠቃላይ (Agärä gäzh T'äqalay)

 1961 – 74: Tsehafi Taezaz Aklilu Habte-Wold ጽሀፊ ez akሊሉ b-

1936 – 37: Rodolfo Graziani ሮዶl gረዚa

1974: Endelkacaw Makonnen lከቸw መኮn

1937 – 41: Amedeo di Savoia ምድo ሰቮ

1974: Lij Mikael Imru j ሚከel

1941: Pietro Gazzera et ገⶵረ

1987 – 89: Fikre Selassie Wogderess k ስለⶢe gድር

1941: Guglielmo Nasi gel ነሲ

1989 – 91: Hailu Yimenu i ዪምኑ

 

Emperors/ ንጉሠ ነገሥት/ Nəgusä Nägäst

 1991: Tesfaye Dinka sፈይ n

1941 – 74: Haile Selassie ኃይለ፡ ሥላሴ

1991 – 95: Tamirat Layne ታምራት ላይኔ

1974 – 75: Asfa Wossen አስፋ ወሰን

1995 – 2012: Meles Zenawi መለስ ዜናዊ አስረስ

 

Chairmen of the Provisional Military Administrative Council/ሊቀመንበር አመራር ወታደራዊ (Liqämänbär amärar wätadärawi)

2012 -: Hailemariam Desalegn ኃይለማሪያም ደሳለኝ

1974 – 77: Tafari Benti ተፈሪ n

 

1977 -87: Mengistu Haile Mariam መንግስቱ ኃይለ ማርያም

 

Presidents/ ፕሬዝዳንት (Rəsä bher)

 

1987 – 91: Mengistu Haile Mariam መንግስቱ ኃይለ ማርያም

 

1991 – 95: Meles Zenawi መለስ ዜናዊ አስረስ

 

1995 – 2001: Negasso Gidada ንገⶦ ጊደደ

 

2001 – 13: Girma Wolde-Giorgis Lucha ግርማ ወልደ ጊዮርጊስ

 

2013 -: Mulatu Teshome Wirtu ሙላቱ ተሾመ

 

 

 

Kenya

 

s. I – 1203: Bantu

 

1203 – 1888: Pate

 

1888 – 1963: British/Uingereza

 

1963 – 64: Commonwealth/Jumuiya

 

1964 -: Republic/Jamhuri

 

 

Commissioners/Makamishna

Foreign Ministers/Waziri Harijia

1900 – 04: Charles Norton Eliot

1964 – 66: Joseph Murumbi

1904: Frederick Jackson

1966 – 67: Mbiyu Koinange

1904 – 05: Donald William Stewart

1967 – 68: James Nyamweya

1905: Frederick Jackson

1968  - 69: C.M.G. Argwings-Kodhek

 

Governors/Gavana

1969: Mbiyu Koinange

1905 – 09: James Hayes Sadler

1969 – 74: Njoroge Mungai

1909: Charles Calvert Bowring

1974 – 79: Munyua Waiyaki

1909 – 12: Edouard Percy Cranwill Girouard

 

1979  - 83: Robert Ouko

1912: Charles Calvert Bowring

1983 – 87: Elijah Mwangale

1912 – 17: Henry Conway Belfield

1987 – 88: Zachary Onyonka

1917 – 19: Charles Calvert Bowring

1988 – 90: Robert Ouko

1919 – 22: Edward Northey

1990 – 93: Wilson Ndolo Ayah

1922 – 25: Robert Thorne Coryndon

1993 – 98: Kalonzo Musyoka

1925: Edward Denham

1998 – 2001: Bonaya Godana

1925 – 30: Edward William Macleay Grigg

2001: Chris Obure

1930 – 31: Henry Monck-Mason Moore

2001 – 03: Marsden Madoka

 

1931 – 36: Joseph Aloysius Byrne

2003 – 04: Kalonzo Musyoka

1936 – 37: Armigel de Vins Wade

2004 – 05: Chirau Ali Mwakwere

1937 – 39: Robert Brooke-Popham

2005 – 08: Raphael Tuju

1939 – 40: Walter Harragin

2008 – 12: Moses Wetangula

1940 – 44: Henry Monck-Mason Moore

2012 – 13: Sam Ongeri

1944: Gilbert McCall Rennie

2013 -: Amina Mohamed 

1944 – 52: Philip Euen Mitchell

 

1952: Henry S. Potter

 

1952 – 59: Evelyn Baring

 

1959: Walter Fleming Coutts

 

1959 – 62: Patrick Muir Renison

 

1962 – 63: Eric Griffith-Jones

 

 

Governor-general/Gavana

 

1963 – 64: Malcolm John MacDonald

 

Presidents/Rais

 

1964 – 78: Jomo Kenyatta

 

1978 – 2002: Daniel Toroitich arap Moi

 

2002 – 13: Emilio Mwai Kibaki

 

2013 -: Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta

 

 

 

Madagascar/ Madagasikara

 

s. IV – 1300: Bantu/Bantous

 

1300 – 1896: Kingdom/Fanjakana/Royaume

 

1896 – 1942: France/Frantsa

 

1942 – 46: British/Angletera/Britannique

 

1946 – 58: Overseas Territory/Faritany Fanganga Ranomasina/Territoire d' Outre-mer/Faritany Fanganga Ranomasina

 

1958 – 60: Autonomy/Mahaleo Tena/Autonomie

 

1960 – 75: State/Fanjakana/Etat

 

1975 – 92: Democratic Republic/Repoblika Demokratika/Republique Democratique

 

1992 -: Republic/Repoblika/Republique

 

 

Governors-general/Jeneraly/ Gouvernaur-General

Prime ministers/ Praiminisitra/Premier Ministre

1897 – 1905: Joseph Simon Galliéni

1957 – 72: Philibert Tsiranana

1905 – 06: Charles Louis Lépreux

1972 – 75: Gabriel Ramanantsoa

1906 – 09: Victor Augagneur

1976: Joel Rakotomalala

1909 – 10: Hubert Auguste Garbit

1976 – 77: Justin Rakotoniaina

1910: Henri François Charles Cor

1977 – 88: Désiré Rakotoarijaona

1910 – 14: Albert Jean George Marie Louis Picquié

1988 – 91: Victor Ramahatra

1914 – 17: Hubert Auguste Garbit

1991 – 93: Guy Razanamasy

1917 – 18: Martial Henri Merlin

1993 – 95: Francisque Ravony

1918 – 19: Abraham Schrameck

1995 – 96: Emmanuel Rakotovahiny

1919 – 20: Marie Casimir Joseph Guyon

1996 – 97: Norbert Lala Ratsirahonana

1920 – 23: Hubert Auguste Garbit

1997 – 98: Pascal Rakotomavo

1923 – 24: Auguste Charles Désiré Emmanuel Brunet

1998 – 2002: Tantely Andrianarivo 

1924 -  29: Marcel Achille Olivier

2002 – 07: Jacques Sylla

1929 – 30: Hugues Jean Berthier

2007 – 09: Charles Rabemananjara

1930 – 39: Léon Henri Charles Cayla

2009: Monja Roindefo

1939: Léon Maurice Valentin Réallon

2009: Eugène Régis Mangalaza

1939 – 40: Jules Marcel de Coppet

2009: Cécile Manorohanta

1940 – 41: Léon Henri Charles Cayla

2009 – 11: Albert Camille Vital

1941 – 42: Armand Léon Annet

2011 – 14: Omer Beriziky

1942 – 43: V. Bech

2014 – 15:  Roger Kolo

1943: Paul Louis Victor Marie Legentilhomme

2015 -: Jean Ravelonarivo

1943 – 46: Pierre de Saint-Mart 

 

1946: Robert Boudry

 

 

High Commissioners/Avo/Haut-commissaire

 

1946 – 48: Jules Marcel de Coppet

 

1948 – 50: Pierre Gabriel de Chevigné

 

1950 – 53: Robert Isaac Bargues

 

1953 – 59: Jean Louis Marie André Soucadaux

 

Presidents/ Filoham-pirenena

 

1959 – 72: Philibert Tsiranana

 

1972 – 75: Gabriel Ramanantsoa

 

1975: Richard Ratsimandrava

 

1975: Gilles Andriamahazo

 

1975 – 93: Didier Ratsiraka

 

1993 – 96: Albert Zafy

 

1996 – 97: Norbert Lala Ratsirahonana

 

1997 – 2002: Didier Ratsiraka

 

2002 – 09: Marc Ravalomanana

 

2009: Hyppolite Raharison Ramaroson

 

2009 – 14: Andry Rajoelina

 

2014 -: Hery Martial Rajaonarimampianina

 

 

 

Malawi

 

s. I – 1500: Bantu

 

1500 – 1889: Kingdom/Ufumu

 

1889 – 1964: British/Britain

 

1964 – 66: State/Dziko

 

1966 -: Republic/Dziko

 

 

Commissioners

Foreign Ministers/Chilendo

1896 – 1907: Alfred Sharpe

 

1964: Kanyama Chiume

1907: Francis Barrow Pearce

 

1964 – 93: Hastings Kamuzu Banda

 

Governors

1993 – 94: Hetherwick Ntaba

1907 – 08: William Henry Manning

1994 – 96: Edward Bwanali

1908 – 10: Alfred Sharpe

1996 – 97: George Ntafu

1910: Francis Barrow Pearce

1997 – 99: Mapopa Chipeta

1910 – 11: Henry Richard Wallis

1999 – 2000: Brown Mpinganjira

1911 – 13: William Henry Manning

2000 – 04: Lilian Patel

1913 – 23: George Smith

2004 – 05: George Chaponda

1923 – 24: Richard Sims Donkin Rankine

2005 – 06: Davis Katsonga

1924 – 29: Charles Calvert Bowring

2006 – 09: Joyce Banda

1929: Wilfred Bennett Davidson-Houston

2009 – 11: Etta Banda

1929 – 32: Shenton Whitelegge Thomas

2011: Bingu wa Mutharika

1932 – 34: Hubert Winthrop Young

2011 – 12: Peter Mutharika

1934: Kenneth Lambert Hall

2012 – 14: Ephraim Chiume

1934 – 39: Harold Baxter Kittermaster

2014 -: George Chaponda

1939 – 42: Henry Charles Donald Cleveland Mackenzie-Kennedy 

 

1942 – 47: Edmund Charles Smith Richards

 

1948 – 56: Geoffrey Francis Taylor Colby

 

1956 – 61: Robert Perceval Armitage

 

1961 – 64: Glyn Smallwood Jones

 

 

Governor-general

 

1964 – 66: Glyn Smallwood Jones

 

Presidents/Msogoleri

 

1966 – 94: Hastings Kamuzu Banda

 

1994 – 2004: Bakili Muluzi

 

2004 – 2012: Bingu wa Mutharika

 

2012 – 14: Joyce Hilda Banda

 

2014 -: Peter Mutharika

 

 

 

Mauritius/Moris

 

1598 – 1718: Dutch/Neerlandais

 

 

1718 – 1810: France

 

 

1810 – 1968: British/Britannique

 

 

1968 – 92: State/Etat

 

 

1992 -: Republic/Republique/Republik

 

 

 

Governors

 

Chief ministers/Minisse Sef

1897 – 1903: Charles Bruce

1961 – 68: Seewoosagur Ramgoolam

1903 – 04: Graham John Bower

Prime ministers/Minisse

1904 – 11: Cavendish Boyle

1968 – 82: Seewoosagur Ramgoolam

1911: George Smith

1982 – 95: Anerood Jugnauth

1911 – 16: John Robert Chancellor

1995 – 2000: Navinchandra "Navin" Ramgoolam

1916: John Middleton

2000 – 03: Anerood Jugnauth

1916 – 24: Henry Hesketh Joudou Bell

 

2003 – 05: Paul Raymond Bérenger

1924 – 25: Edward Allan Grannum

2005 – 14: Navinchandra "Navin" Ramgoolam

1925 – 29: Herbert James Read

2014 -: Anerood Jugnauth

1929 – 30: Edward Allan Grannum

 

1930 – 37: Wilfrid Edward Francis Jackson

 

1937: Edward Walter Evans

 

1937 – 42: Bede Edward Hugh Clifford 

 

1942: Sydney Moody

 

1942 – 48: Donald Mackenzie-Kennedy

 

1948 – 49: James Dundas Harford

 

1949 – 54: Hilary Rudolph Robert Blood

 

1954: Robert Newton

 

 

1954 – 59: Robert Scott

 

1959: Robert Newton

 

1959 – 62: Colville Montgomery Deverell

 

1962: Thomas Douglas Vickers

 

1962 – 68: John Shaw Rennie

 

 

Governors-general

 

1968: Michel Jean Joseph Laval Rivalland

 

1968 – 72: Arthur Leonard Williams

 

1972 – 77: Abdool Raman Mahomed Osman

 

1977 – 78: William Henry Garrioch

 

1978 – 83: Dayendranath Burrenchobay

 

1983 – 85: Seewoosagur Ramgoolam

 

1985 – 86: Cassam Ismael Moollan

 

1986 – 92: Veerasamy Ringadoo

 

Presidents

 

1992 – 2002: Cassam Uteem

 

2002: Angidi Veeriah Chettiar

 

2002: Ariranga Govindasamy Pillay

 

2002 – 03: Karl Auguste Offmann 

 

2003: Raouf Bundhun

 

2003 – 12: Anerood Jugnauth

 

2012: Monique Ohsan-Bellepeau

 

2012 – 15: Rajkeswur Purryag

 

2015: Monique Ohsan-Bellepeau

 

2015 -: Ameenah Firdaus Gurib-Fakim

 

 

 

Mayotte (Mahore)

 

1500 – 1841: Sultanate/Sultanat

 

 

 

1841 – 1942: France/Farantsa

 

 

1942 – 46: British/Britannique

 

 

1946 – 76: France/Farantsa

 

 

1976 – 2001: Collectivite Territory/Territoire Collectivite

 

 

2001 – 11: Collectivite Departement/Departement Collectivite

 

 

2011 -: Overseas Departement/Departement d' Outre-mer/Bahari

 

 

 

Governors/Gouvernaur/Sirika

 

Pres.of the General Council/Pres. de Conseil General/Raisi Waswiya

1900 – 02: Pierre Hubert Auguste Pascal

1977 – 2004: Younoussa Bamana

1902: Louis Lemaire

2004 – 08: Said Omar Oili

1902 – 04: Alfred Albert Martineau

2008 – 11: Ahmed Attoumani Douchina

1904 – 05: Jules Martin

2011 – 15: Daniel Zaïdani

1905 – 06: Jean Auguste Gaston Joliet

President of the Departmental Council/ Président du Conseil départemental

1906 – 07: Fernand Foureau

2015 -: Soibahadine Ibrahim Ramadani

1907 – 08: Paul Patté

 

 

Administrators/ Administrateurs            

 

1908 – 09: Charles Henri Vergnes

 

1909 – 10: Ernest Bonneval

 

1910 – 11: Michel Astor

 

1911: Frédéric Estèbe

 

1911 – 12: Gabriel Samuel Garnier-Mouton

 

Prefects/Prefet

 

1975 – 76: Younoussa Bamana

 

1976 – 78: Jean Marie Coussirou

 

1978 – 80: Jean Maurice Marie Rigotard

 

1980 – 81: Philippe Jacques Nicolas Kessler

 

1981 – 82: Pierre Sevellec

 

1982: Yves Bonnet

 

1983 – 84: Christian Pellerin

 

1984 – 86: François Bonnelle

 

1986: Guy Dupuis

 

1986 – 88: Akli Khider

 

1988 – 90: Daniel Limodin

 

1990 – 93: Jean-Paul Coste

 

1993 – 94: Jean-Jacques Debacq

 

1994 – 96: Alain Weil

 

1996 – 98: Philippe Boisadam

 

1998 – 2001: Pierre Bayle

 

2001 – 02: Philippe de Mester

 

2002 – 05: Jean-Jacques Brot

 

2005 – 07: Jean-Paul Kihl

 

2007 – 08: Vincent Bouvier

 

2008 – 09: Denis Robin

 

2009: Christophe Peyrel

 

2009 – 11: Hubert Derache

 

2011: Patrick Duprat

 

2011 – 13: Thomas Degos

 

2013: François Chauvin

 

2013 – 14: Jacques Witkowski

 

2014: Bruno André

 

2014 -: Seymour Morsy

 

 

 

Mozambique/ Moçambique

 

s. III a.c – 1507 d.c: Bantu

 

1507 – 1975: Portugal

 

1975 – 90: People´s Republic/Republica Popular

 

1990 -: Republic/Republica

 

 

Governors-general/ Governadores-gerais

Prime Ministers/ Primeiro-ministro

1900: Júlio José da Costa

1986 – 94: Mário Fernandes da Graça Machungo

1900: Joaquim José Machado

1994 – 2004: Pascoal Mocumbi

1900 – 02: Manuel Rafael Gorjão

2004 – 10: Luisa Dias Diogo

1902 – 05: Thomás António García Rosado

2010 – 12: Aires Bonifacio Baptista Ali

1905 – 06: João António de Azevedo Coutinho de Sequeira

2012 – 15: Alberto Clementino António Vaquina

1906 – 10: Alfredo Augusto Freire de Andrade

2015 -: Carlos Agostinho do Rosário

1910 – 11: José de Freitas Ribeiro

 

1911 – 12: José Francisco de Azevedo e Silva

 

1912 – 13: Alfredo Afonso Mendeses de Magalhães

 

1913 – 14: Augusto Ferreira dos Santos

 

1914 – 15: Joaquim José Machado

 

1915: Alfredo Baptista Coelho

 

1915 – 18: Álvaro Xavier de Castro

 

1918 – 19: Pedro Francisco Massano do Amorim

 

1919 – 21: Manuel Luiz Moreira da Fonseca

 

1921 – 23: Manuel de Brito Camacho

 

1923 – 24: Manuel Luiz Moreira da Fonseca

 

1924 – 26: Vítor Hugo de Azevedo Coutinho

 

1926: Artur Ivens Ferraz

 

1926 – 38: José Ricardo Pereira Cabral

 

1938 – 41: José Nicolau Nunes de Oliveira

 

1941 – 46: João Tristão de Bettencourt

 

1947 – 48: Luis de Sousa e Vasconcelos e Funchal

 

1948 – 58: Gabriel Mauricio Teixeira

 

1958 – 61: Pedro Correia de Barros

 

1961 – 64: Manuel Maria Sarmento Rodrigues

 

1964 – 68: José Augusto da Costa Almeida

 

1968 – 70: Baltazar Rebelo de Sousa

 

1970 -  72: Eduardo Arantes e Oliveira

 

1972 – 74: Manuel Pimentel Pereira dos Santos

 

1974: David Teixeira Ferreira

 

1974: Henrique Soares de Melo

 

1974: Jorge Ferro Ribeiro

 

1974 – 75: Vítor Crespo

 

President/Presidentes

 

1975 – 86: Samora Moisés Machel

 

1986: Marcelino dos Santos,Joaquim Chissano,Alberto Chipande, Armando Guebuza,José Monteiro

 

1986 – 2005: Joaquim Alberto Chissano

 

2005 – 15: Armando Emílio Guebuza

 

2015 -: Filipe Jacinto Nyusi

 

 

 

Reunion/Reyone

 

1649 – 1810: France/Pei-la-fre

 

 

1810 – 15: British/Britannique

 

 

1815 – 1946: France/Pei-la-fre

 

 

1946 – 2003: Overseas Departement/Departement d' Outre-mer

 

 

2003 -: Overseas Region/Region d' Outre-mer

 

 

 

Governors

 

Presidents of the General Council/Konsey

1900 - 01: Charles Albert Madre

1945 – 46: Paul Picaud

1901 - 05: Paul Samary

1946: Léon de Lépervanche

1905 – 06: Fernand Theron

1946 – 49: Roger Vidot

1906: Marius Verignon

1949 – 66: Roger Payet

1906 – 07: Adrien Jules Jean Bonhoure

1966 – 67: Marcel Cerneau

1908: Henri Cor

1967 – 82: Pierre Lagourgue

1908 – 10: Camille Lucien Xavier Guy

1982 – 88: Auguste Legros

1910: Philippe Émile Jullien

1988 – 93: Eric Boyer

1910 – 12: François Pierre Rodier

1993 – 94: Joseph Sinimalé

1912 – 13: Hubert Auguste Garbit

1994 – 98: Christophe Payet

1913 – 19: Pierre Louis Alfred Duprat

1998 – 2004: Jean-Luc Poudroux

1919 – 20: Victor Jean Brochard

2004 – 15: Nassimah Dindar-Mangrolia

1920 – 22: Frédéric Estèbe

President of the Departmental Council

1922 – 23: Henri Cleret de Langavant

2015 -: Nassimah Mangrolia Dindar

1923 – 24: Maurice Pierre Lapalud

Presidents of the Regional Council

1925 – 32: Jules Vincent Repiquet

1973 – 78: Marcel Cerneau

1932 – 34: Louis Fabre

1978 – 83: Yves Barau

1934 – 36: Alphonse Paul Albert Choteau

1983 – 86: Mario Hoarau

1936: Charles Victor Allard

1986 – 92: Pierre Lagourgue

1936 – 38: Léon Hippolyte Truitard 

1992 – 93: Camille Sudre

1938 – 39: Joseph Urbain Court

1993 – 98: Marguerite "Margie" Sudre

1939 – 42: Pierre Émile Aubert

1998 – 2010: Paul Vergès

1942 – 47: Jean Charles André Capagorry

2010 -: Didier Robert

Prefect

 

1947 – 50: Paul Demange

 

1950 – 52: Roland Luc Béchoff 

 

1952 – 56: Pierre Philip

 

1956 – 63: Jean François Pierre Perreau-Pradier

 

1963 – 66: Alfred Diefenbacher

 

1966 – 69: Jean Vaudeville

 

 

1969 – 72: Paul Cousseran

 

1972 – 75: Claude Edmond Vieillescazes

 

1975 – 77: Robert Lamy

 

1977 – 80: Bernard Landouzy

 

1980 – 81: Jacques Seval

 

1981 – 84: Michel Francis Levallois

 

1984 – 86: Michel Blangy

 

1986: Jean-Marc Rebière

 

1986 – 89: Jean Anciaux

 

1989 – 91: Daniel Constantin

 

1991 – 92: Jacques Dewatre

 

1992 – 95: Hubert Fournier

 

1995: Pierre Steinmetz

 

1995: Yves Dassonville

 

1995 – 98: Robert Pommies

 

1998: Yves Dassonville

 

1998 – 2001: Jean Daubigny

 

2001: Vincent Bouvier

 

2001 – 04: Gonthier Friederici

 

2004: Franck-Olivier Lachaud

 

2004 – 05: Dominique Vian

 

2005: Franck-Olivier Lachaud

 

2005 – 06: Laurent Cayrel

 

2006: Franck-Olivier Lachaud

 

2006 – 10: Pierre-Henry Maccioni

 

2010 – 12: Michel Lalande

 

2012 – 14: Jean-Luc Marx

 

2014 -: Dominique Sorain

 

 

Rwanda

 

3000 a.c – s. XI d.c: Twa

 

s. XI – S: XV: Hutu

 

s. XV – 1884: Kingdom/Ubwami/Royaume

 

1884 – 1922: Germany/Ubudage/Allemagne

 

1922 – 60: Belgium/Ububiligi/Belgique

 

1960 – 61: Autonomy/Autonomie

 

1961 -: Republic/Repubulika/Republique

 

Ruanda-Urundi

Prime Ministers/ Minisitiri w’Intebe

 

Commanders/ Umuyobozi

1960 – 61: Joseph Gitera

1899 – 1902: Heinrich von Bethe

1961 – 73: Grégoire Kayibanda

1902 – 04: Robert "Oskar" von Beringe

1991 – 92: Sylvestre Nsanzimana

1904 – 06: Werner von Grawert

1992 – 93: Dismas Nsengiyaremye

 

Residents

 

1993 – 94: Agathe Uwilingiyimana

1906 – 07: Werner von Grawert

1994: Jean Kambanda

 

Commanders/ Umuyobozi

1994 – 95: Faustin Twagiramungu

1916: Philippe François Joseph Molitor

1995 – 2000: Pierre-Célestin Rwigema

1916 – 17: Armand Christophe Huyghé

2000 – 11: Bernard Makuza

 

Commissioners/Komiseri

2011- 14: Pierre Damien Habumuremyi

1917 – 19: Justin Prudent François Marie Malfeyt

2014 -: Anastase Murekezi

1919 – 29: Alfred Frédéric Gérard Marzorati

 

 

Governors/Gutege

 

 

1929 – 30: Louis Joseph Postiaux

 

1930 – 32: Charles Henri Joseph Voisin

 

1932 – 46: Eugène Jacques Pierre Louis Jungers

 

1946 – 49: Maurice Simon

 

1949 – 52: Léon Antoine Marie Pétillon

 

1952 – 55: Alfred Maria Josephus Ghislencus Claeys-Bouuaert

 

1955 – 60: Jean-Paul Harroy

 

 

Resident-general/Rusange

 

 

1960 – 62: Jean-Paul Harroy

 

Rwanda

 

 

German Residents/Resident w`Ubudage

 

 

1907 – 11: Richard Kandt

 

1911 – 13: Gudowius

 

1913 – 14: Richard Kandt

 

1914 – 16: Max Wintgens

 

 

Belgian Residents/Resident w`Umubirigi

 

 

1916 – 17: Gustave Eugène Henri Stevens

 

1917 – 18: Gérard François Declerck

 

1919: Georges Mortehan

 

1919 – 20: Edouard van den Eende

 

1920 – 23: Georges Mortehan

 

1924 – 25: Oger Coubeau

 

1925 – 26: Keyser

 

1926 – 28: Georges Mortehan

 

1928 – 29: Oger Coubeau

 

1929: Georges Mortehan

 

1929 – 30: Wilmin

 

1930 – 32: Oger Coubeau

 

1932 – 35: Simon

 

1935: Hombert

 

1935 – 38: Simon

 

1938 – 39: Gille

 

1939 – 40: Simon

 

1940 – 42: Paradis

 

1942: Grauls

 

1942: Simon

 

1942: Grauls

 

1942: Paradis

 

1942 – 43: Grauls

 

1943 – 44: Paradis

 

1944: Grauls

 

1944 – 45: George Victor Sandrart

 

1945: Grauls

 

1945 – 47: George Victor Sandrart

 

1947: Vauthier

 

1947 – 48: Dessaint

 

1948 – 51: George Victor Sandrart

 

1951 – 53: Marcel Édouard Antoine Dessaint

 

1958 – 59: André Preud'homme

 

1959 – 62: Guillaume "Guy" Logiest

 

 

Kings/Umwami

 

 

1896 – 1931: Yuhi V Musinga

 

1931 – 59: Mutara III Rudahigwa

 

1959 – 61: Kigeri V Ndahindurwa

 

Presidents/Perezida

 

1961: Dominique Mbonyumutwa

 

1961 – 73: Grégoire Kayibanda

 

1973 – 94: Juvénal Habyarimana

 

1994: Théodore Sindikubwabo

 

1994 – 2000: Pasteur Bizimungu

 

2000 -: Paul Kagame

 

 

 

Seychelles/Sesel

 

1742 – 1810: France

 

1810 – 1970: British/Britannique/Angle

 

1970 – 75: Autonomy/Autonomie/Lotonami

 

1975 – 76: State/Etat/Leta

 

1976 -: Republic/Republique/Repiblik

 

 

Administrators/ Administrateur             

Foreign Ministers/Minister Zafer Etranze

1899 – 1904: Ernest Bickham Sweet-Escott

1977 – 79: Guy Sinon

 

Governors/Gouverneur/Gouverne           

1979 – 82: Jacques Hodoul

 

1904 – 12: Walter Edward Davidson

1982 – 84: Maxime Ferrari

1912 – 18: Charles Richard Mackey O'Brien

 

1984 – 89: France-Albert René

1918 – 22: Eustace Edward Twistleton-Wykeham-Fiennes

1989 – 97: Danielle de St. Jorre

1922 – 27: Joseph Aloysius Byrne

 

1997: France-Albert René

1927 – 28: Malcolm Stevenson

 

1997  - 2005: Jérémie Bonnelame

1928 – 34: de Symons Montagu George Honey

 

2005 – 09: Patrick Pillay

1934 – 36: Gordon James Lethem

2009 – 10: James Michel

1936 – 42: Arthur Francis Grimble

2010 – 15: Jean-Paul Adam

1942 – 47: William Marston Logan

2015 -: Joel Morgan

1947 – 51: Percy Selwyn Selwyn-Clarke

 

1951 – 53: Frederick Crawford

 

1953 – 58: William Addis

 

1958 – 61: John Kingsmill Thorp

 

1962 – 67: Julian Edward George Asquith

 

1967 – 69: Hugh Selby Norman-Walker

 

1969 – 73: Bruce Greatbatch

 

1973 – 75: Colin Hamilton Allen

 

 

High Commissioner/ Haut-commissaire/Anbalao Konmisyoner

 

 

1975 – 76: Colin Hamilton Allen

 

Presidents/Prezidan

 

1976 – 77: James Richard Marie Mancham

 

1977 – 2004: France-Albert René

 

2004 -: James Alix Michel

 

 

 

Somalia

 

890 – 900: Shewa

 

 

900 – 1548: Adal/ عدل (Adala)/Cadal

 

 

1548 – 1877: Ottoman/العثمانية (Usmaniyy)/Cosmaniya

 

 

1877 – 1905: Egypt/ مصر (Misr)/Masar

 

 

1905 – 41: Italy/إيطاليا (Italiyan)/Talyaaniga

 

 

1941 – 60: British/ البريطانيون(Al-Brytaniyuna)/Britain

 

 

1960 – 69: State/ دولة (Dawlat)/Dawlad

 

 

1969 – 91: Democratic Republic/ الجمهورية الديمقراطية (al-Jumhuriyya ad-Dīmuqrāţiyya)/ Jamhuuriyadda Dimuqraadiga

 

 

1991 -2012: Republic/ جمهورية (al- Jumhūrīyāt)/ Jamhuuriyadda

 

 

2012 -: Federal Republic/جمهورية فيدرالية/ Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka

 

 

Governor/Barassab/ حاكم

Prime Ministers/ Ra'iisul wasaarayaashii/ رئيس الوزراء

Somaliland/رض الصومال  (Ar a-ūmāl)

1898 – 1905: Emilio Dulio أمِلُِ دُلُِ

1957 – 60: Abdullahi Issa Mohamud/ Cabdullaahi Ciise/ عبد الله عيسى محمد

 

Consuls-general/ قنصل عام

Commissioners-general/ المفوضين العام

1960: Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal/ Maxamed Xaaji Ibraahim Cigaal/ محمد الحاج ابراهيم ايغال

1898 – 1901: James Hayes Sadler/ جيمس هايز سادلر

1905 – 06: Luigi Mercatelli لُِغِ مءرثَتءلِّ

1960 – 64: Abdirashid Shermarke/ Cabdirashiid Cali Sharmaarke/ عبد الرشيد علي شارماركي 

1901 – 02: Harry Edward Spiller Cordeaux هَرّي أدوَرد سپِلّءر ثُردءؤُش

1906 – 07: Giuseppe Salvago Raggi غُِسءپّء سَلڤَغُ رَغِّ

1964 – 67: Abdirizak Haji Hussein/ Cabdirisaaq Xaaji Xuseen/ عبد الرزاق الحاج حسين

1902 – 05: Eric John Eagles Swayne أرِث جُهن أَغلءس سوَينء

1907 – 08: Tommaso Carletti تُمَّسُ ثَرلءتِّ

 1967 – 69: Muhammad Haji Egal/ Maxamed Xaaji Ibraahim Cigaal/ محمد الحاج ابراهيم ايغال

 

Commissioners/ مفوضي

Governors/Barasaab/ حاكم

1987 – 90: Muhammad Ali Samatar/ Maxamed Cali Samatar/ مُهَمَّد الِ سَمَتَر

1906 – 09: Harry Edward Spiller Cordeaux هَرّي أدوَرد سپِلّءر ثُردءؤُش

1908 – 10: Tommaso Carletti تُمَّسُ ثَرلءتِّ

1990 – 91: Muhammad Hawadle Madar/Maxamed Xawaadle/ مُهَمَّد هَوَدلء

1910 – 11: William Henry Manning وِلَِّم هءنري مَنِّنغ

1910 – 16: Giacomo De Martino غَِثُمُ دء مَرتِنُ

1991 – 93: Umar Arteh Ghalib/ Cumar Carte Qaalib/ امَر ارتءه غَلِب

1911 – 14: Horace Archer Byatt هُرَثء ارشءر بيَتّ

1916 – 19: Giovanni Cherina Ferroni غُِڤَنِّ شءرِنَ فءرُّنِ

2001: Osman Jama Ali/ Cismaan Jaamac Cali/ جامع علي عثمان

1914 – 19: Geoffrey Francis Archer غؤُفّرءي فرَنثِس ارشءر

1920 – 23: Carlo Ricci ثَرلُ رِثِّ

2001 – 03: Hassan Abshir Farah/ Xasan Abshir Faarax/ حسن ابشير فرح

 

Governors/Barasaab/ حاكم

1923 – 28: Cesare Maria De Vecchi ثءسَرء مَرَِ دء ڤءثّهِ

2003 – 04: Muhammad Abdi Yusuf/Maxamed Cadi Yuusuf/ محمد يوسف عبدي

1919 – 22: Geoffrey Francis Archer غؤُفّرءي فرَنثِس ارشءر

1928 – 31: Guido Corni غُِدُ ثُرنِ

 2004 – 07: Ali Muhammad Ghedi/ Cali Maxamed Geedi/ علي محمد جيدي

1922 – 25: Gerald Henry Summers غءرَلد هءنري سُمّءرس