Heds of State/Jefes de Estado
  United Kingdom Reino Unido
 

                                     
                                            United Kingdom

 

  Monarchy

 



2900 a.c – 1800 a.c: Beaker

1800 a.c – 43 a.c: Celts

43 a.c – 410 d.c: Rome

410 – 927: Anglo-saxons

927 – 1013: Danish

1013 – 14: Danish

1014 – 16: Kingdom

1016 – 42: Danish

1042 – 66: Kingdom

1066 – 1189: Norman

1189 – 1649: Kingdom

1649 – 60: Commonwealth

1660 – 1707: Kingdom

1707 -: United Kingdom

Queen



1837– 1901: Victoria

Kings

1901 – 10: Edward VII

1910 – 36: George V

1936: Edward VIII

1936 – 52: George VI

Queen

1952 -: Elizabeth II

 

Heads of Government

 

Prime ministers

1895 – 1902: Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil

1902 – 05: Arthur James Balfour

1905 – 08: Henry Campbell-Bannerman

1908 – 16: Herbert Henry Asquith

1916 – 22: David Lloyd George

1922 – 23: Andrew Bonar Law

1923 – 24: Stanley Baldwin

1924: Ramsay MacDonald

1924 – 29: Stanley Baldwin

1929 – 35: Ramsay MacDonald

1935 – 37: Stanley Baldwin

1937 – 40: Neville Chamberlain

1940 – 45: Winston Churchill

1945 – 51: Clement Richard Attlee

1951 – 55: Winston Churchill

1955 – 57: Robert Anthony Eden

1957 – 63: Maurice Harold Macmillan

1963 – 64: Alec Douglas-Home

1964 – 70: James Harold Wilson

1970 – 74: Edward Richard George Heath

1974 – 76: James Harold Wilson

1976 – 79: Leonard James Callaghan

1979 – 90: Margaret Thatcher

1990 – 97: John Major

1997 – 2007: Anthony "Tony" Blair

2007 – 10: Gordon Brown

2010 -: David Cameron

 

Secretary of Foreign Affairs

 

Foreign Secretary

1900 – 05: Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice

1905 – 16: Edward Grey

 

1916 – 19: Arthur James Balfour 

1919 – 24: George Nathaniel Curzon

1924: Ramsay MacDonald

1924 – 29: Austen Chamberlain

1929 – 31: Arthur Henderson

1931: Rufus Daniel Isaacs

1931 – 35: John Simon

1935: Samuel Hoare

1935 – 38: Anthony Eden

1938 – 40: Edward Wood

1940 – 45: Anthony Eden

 

1945 – 51: Ernest Bevin 

1951: Herbert Morrison

1951 – 55: Anthony Eden

1955: Harold Macmillan

1955 – 60: Selwyn Lloyd

1960 – 63: Alec Douglas-Home

1963 – 64: Richard Austen Butler

1964 – 65: Patrick Gordon Walker

1965 – 66: Michael Stewart

 

1966 – 68: George Brown 

1968 – 70: Michael Stewart

1970 – 74: Alec Douglas-Home

1974 – 76: James Callaghan

 

1976 – 77: Anthony Crosland 

1977 – 79: David Owen

1979 – 82: Peter Alexander Rupert Carington

 

1982 – 83: Francis Pym 

1983 – 89: Geoffrey Howe

 

1989: John Major

 

1989 – 95: Douglas Hurd 

1995 – 97: Malcolm Rifkind

1997 – 2001: Robin Cook

2001 – 06: Jack Straw

2006 – 07: Margaret Beckett

2007 – 10: David Miliband

2010 – 14: William Hague

2014 -: Philip Hammond

 

                                              Partys

 

Labour Party

 

Leaders

1906 – 08: Keir Hardie

1908 – 10: Arthur Henderson

1910 – 11: George Nicoll Barnes

1911 – 14: James Ramsay MacDonald

1914 – 17: Arthur Henderson

1917 – 21: William Adamson

1921 – 22: John Robert Clynes

1922 – 31: James Ramsay MacDonald

1931 – 32: Arthur Henderson

1932 – 35: George Lansbury

1935 – 55: Clement Attlee

1955 – 63: Hugh Gaitskell

1963: George Brown

1963 – 76: Harold Wilson

1976 – 80: James Callaghan

1980 – 83: Michael Foot

1983 – 92: Neil Kinnock

1992 – 94: John Smith

1994: Margaret Beckett

1994 – 2007: Tony Blair

2007 – 10: Gordon Brown

2010: Harriet Harman

2010 – 15: Ed Miliband

2015 -: Harriet Harman

 

Conservative Party

 

 

Leaders in the House of Commons

 

1891 – 1911: Arthur James Balfour

1911 – 21: Andrew Bonar Law

1921 – 22: Austen Chamberlain

Leaders

1922 – 23: Andrew Bonar Law

1923 – 37: Stanley Baldwin

1937 – 40: Neville Chamberlain

1940 – 55: Winston Churchill

1955 – 57: Anthony Eden

 

1957 – 63: Harold Macmillan

1963 – 65: Alec Douglas-Home

1965 – 75: Edward Heath

1975 – 90: Margaret Thatcher

1990 – 97: John Major

1997 – 2001: William Hague

2001 – 03: Iain Duncan Smith

2003 – 05: Michael Howard

2005 -: David Cameron

 

                                                       Parliament

 

House of Commons

 

Speakers

1895 – 1905: William Court Gully

1905 – 21: James William Lowther

1921 – 28: John Henry Whitley

1928 – 43: Edward Fitzroy

1943 – 51: Douglas Clifton Brown

1951 – 59: William Morrison

1959 – 65: Harry Hylton-Foster

1965 – 71: Horace King

 

1971 – 76: Selwyn Lloyd

1976 – 83: George Thomas

1983 – 92: Bernard Weatherill

1992 – 2000: Betty Boothroyd

2000 – 09: Michael Martin

2009 -: John Bercow

 

House of Lords

 

Lord Chancellors and Lord Keepers

Lord Speakers

1895 – 1905: Hardinge Giffard

2006 – 11: Helene Hayman

1905 -  12: Robert Reid

2011 -: Frances D'Souza

1912 – 15: Richard Haldane

 

 

1915 – 16: Stanley Buckmaster

 

1916 – 19: Robert Finlay

 

1919 – 22: Frederick Edwin Smith

 

1922 – 24: George Cave

 

 

1924: Richard Haldane

 

1924 – 28: George Cave

 

1928 – 29: Douglas Hogg

 

1929 – 35: John Sankey

 

1935 – 38: Douglas Hogg

 

 

1938 – 39: Frederic Maugham

 

 

1939 – 40: Thomas Inskip

 

 

 

1940 – 45: John Simon

 

1945 – 51: William Jowitt

 

1951 – 54: Gavin Simonds

 

1954 – 62: David Maxwell Fyfe

 

1962 – 64: Reginald Manningham-Buller

 

1964 – 70: Gerald Gardiner

 

1970 – 74: Quintin Hogg

 

1974 – 79: Elwyn Jones

 

 

1979 – 87: Quintin Hogg

 

1987: Michael Havers

 

1987 – 97: James Mackay

 

1997 – 2003: Derry Irvine

 

2003 – 07: Charles Falconer

 

2007 – 10: Jack Straw

 

2010 – 12: Kenneth Clarke

 

2012 – 15: Chris Grayling

 

2015 -: Michael Gove

 

 

                                                   

 

                                          Constituent Country

 

                                             Scotland/Alba

 

                                                     

United Kingdom Representant

 

9000 a.c – 430 d.c: Celts/Ceilteach

430 – 498: Picts/Na Cruithnich

498 – 858: Dal Riata/Dail Riata

858 – 889: Kingdom/Rìoghachd

889 – 1034: Alba

1034 – 1296: Kingdom/Rìoghachd

1296 – 97: England/Sasainn

1297 – 1304: Kingdom/Rìoghachd

1304 – 07: England/Sasainn

1307 – 1603: Kingdom/Rìoghachd

1603 – 49: England/Sasainn

1649 – 53: Kingdom/Rìoghachd

1653 – 60: England/Sasainn

1660 – 1707: Kingdom/Rìoghachd

1707 – 1999: British/Breatainn

1999 -: Home Rule

Secretaries for Scotland

1895 – 1903: Alexander Bruce

1903 – 05: Andrew Murray

 

1905: John Adrian Louis Hope

1905 – 12: John Sinclair

1912 – 16: Thomas McKinnon Wood

1916: Harold Tennant

1916 – 22: Robert Munro

1922 – 24: Ronald Munro-Ferguson

1924: William Adamson

1924 – 26: John Gilmour

Secretary of State

1926 – 29: John Gilmour

1929 – 31: William Adamson

1931 – 32: Archibald Sinclair

1932 – 36: Godfrey Collins

1936 – 38: Walter Elliot

1938 – 40: John Colville

 

1940 – 41: Ernest Brown

1941 – 45: Thomas Johnston

1945: Harry Primrose

1945 – 47: Joseph Westwood

1947 – 50: Arthur Woodburn

1950 – 55: Hector McNeil

1951 – 57: James Stuart

1957 – 62: John Maclay

1962 – 64: Michael Noble

1964 – 70: William Ross

1970 – 74: Gordon Campbell

1974 – 76: William Ross

1976 – 79: Bruce Millan

1979 – 86: George Younger

1986 – 90: Malcolm Rifkind

1990 – 95: Ian Lang

1995 – 97: Michael Forsyth

1997 – 99: Donald Dewar

1999 – 2001: John Reid

2001 – 03: Helen Liddell

2003 – 06: Alistair Darling

2006 – 07: Douglas Alexander

2007 – 08: Des Browne

2008 – 10: Jim Murphy

2010: Danny Alexander

2010 – 13: Michael Moore

2013 – 15: Alistair Carmichael

2015 -: David Mundell

 

Scottish Government

 

First ministers

1999 – 2000: Donald Campbell Dewar

2000: Jim Wallace

2000 – 01: Henry McLeish

 

2001: Jim Wallace

2001 – 07: Jack McConnell

2007 -: Alex Salmond

2014 -: Nicola Sturgeon

 

 

 

                                                 

Scottish National Party

 

Leaders

1934 – 36: Alexander MacEwan

1936 – 40: Andrew Dewar Gibb

1940 – 42: William Power

1942 – 45: Douglas Young

1945 – 47: Bruce Watson

1947 – 56: Robert McIntyre

1956 – 60: James Halliday

1960 – 69: Arthur Donaldson

1969 – 79: William Wolfe

1979 – 90: Gordon Wilson

1990 – 2000: Alex Salmond

2000 – 04: John Swinney

 

2004 – 14: Alex Salmond

2014 -: Nicola Sturgeon

 

                                             Wales/Cymru

 

United Kingdom Representant

 

s. V a.c – 48 d.c: Celts/ Y Celtiaid

48 – 410: Rome/ Rhufain

410 – 450: Britons/ Brythoniaid

450 – 1216: Kingdom/Deyrnas

1216 – 1542: Principality/ Dywysogaeth

1542 – 1707: England/ Lloegr

1707 – 1999: British/ Prydain

1999 -: Home Rule/ Rheol Hafan

 

Minister of State for Welsh Affairs

1951 – 54: David Maxwell Fyfe

1954 – 57: Gwilym Lloyd George

 

Ministers of Housing, Local government, and Welsh Affairs

1957 – 61: Henry Brooke

1961 – 62: Charles Hill

1962 – 64: Keith Sinjohn Joseph

Secretary of State

1964 – 66: James Griffiths

1966 – 68: Cledwyn Hughes

1968 – 70: George Thomas

1970 – 74: Peter Thomas

1974 – 79: John Morris

1979 – 87: Roger Nicholas Edwards

1987 – 90: Peter Walker

1990 – 93: David Hunt

1993 – 95: John Redwood

 

1995: David Hunt

1995 – 97: William Hague

1997 – 98: Ron Davies

1998 – 99: Alun Michael

1999 – 2002: Paul Murphy

2002 – 08: Peter Hain

2008 – 09: Paul Murphy

2009 – 10: Peter Hain

2010 – 12: Cheryl Gillan

2012 – 14: David Jones

2014 -: Stephen Crabb

 

Welsh Government

 

 

First Secretaries

1999 – 2000: Alun Michael

2000: Rhodri Morgan

First minister

 

2000 – 09: Rhodri Morgan

2009 -: Carwyn Jones

 

Party of Wales

 

Presidents

1926 – 39: Saunders Lewis

1945 – 81: Gwynfor Evans

1981 – 84: Dafydd Wigley

 

1991 – 2000: Gwynfor Evans

2000 – 12: Ieuan Wyn Jones

2012 -: Leanne Wood

 

                                           North Ireland/ Tuaisceart Éireann

 

United Kingdom Representant

 

8000 a.c – 1170: Ireland/Eire

1170 – 1998: British/ Breataine

1998 – 2000: Home Rule/Baile riail

2000: British/ Breataine

2000 – 02: Home Rule/Baile riail

2002 – 07: British/ Breataine

2007 -: Home Rule/Baile riail

 

Governors

1922 – 45: James Albert Edward Hamilton

1945 – 52: William Spencer Leveson Gower

1952 – 64: John de Vere Loder

1964 – 68: John Maxwell Erskine

1968 – 73: Ralph Francis Alnwick Grey

Secretaries of State

1972 – 73: William Shepard Ian Whitelaw

1973 – 74: Francis Leslie Pym

1974 – 76: Merlyn Rees

1976 – 79: Roy Mason

 

1979 – 81: Humphrey Edward Atkins

1981 – 84: James Michael Leathes Prior

1984 – 85: Douglas Richard Hurd

1985 – 89: Thomas "Tom" Jeremy King

1989 – 92: Peter Leonard Brooke

1992 – 97: Patrick Barnabas Burk Mayhew

1997 – 99: Marjorie "Mo" Mowlam

 

1999 – 2001: Peter Benjamin Mandelson 

2001 – 02: John Reid

2002 – 05: Paul Murphy

2005 – 07: Peter Hain

2007 – 10: Shaun Woodward

2010 – 12: Owen Paterson

2012 -: Theresa Villiers

 

Ulsters Government

 

 

Prime Ministers

1921 – 40: James Craig

1940 – 43: John Miller Andrews

1943 – 63: Basil Stanlake Brooke

1963 – 69: Terence O'Neill

1969 – 71: James Dawson Chichester-Clark

1971 – 72: Arthur Brian Faulkner

 

Chief executive

 

1974: Arthur Brian Faulkner

 

First ministers

1998 – 2001: William David Trimble

2001: Reginald Norman Morgan Empey

 

2001 – 02: William David Trimble

2007 – 08: Ian Richard Kyle Paisley

2008 -: Peter David Robinson

 

                                                         Partys

 

Ulsters Unionist Party

 

Leaders

1905 – 06: Edward James Saunderson

 

1906 – 10: Walter Long

1910 – 21: Edward Carson

 

1921 – 40: James Craig

1940 – 46: John Miller Andrews

1946 – 63: Basil Brooke

1963 – 69: Terence O'Neill

 

1969 – 71: James Chichester-Clark

1971 – 74: Brian Faulkner

1974 – 79: Harry West

1979 – 95: James Molyneaux

1995 – 2005: David Trimble                 

 

2005 – 10: Reg Empey

2010 – 12: Tom Elliott

2012 -: Michael "Mike" Nesbitt

 

 

Sinn Féin

 

Leaders

1905 – 08: Edward Martyn

1908: John Sweetman

1908 – 17: Arthur Griffith

1917 – 26: Éamon de Valera

1926 – 31: John J. O'Kelly

1931 – 33: Brian O'Higgins

1933 – 35: Michael O'Flanagan

1935 – 37: Cathal Ó Murchadha

1937 – 50: Margaret Buckley

1950 – 53: Pádraig Mac Lógáin

1953 – 54: Tomás Ó Dubhghaill

1954 – 62: Pádraig Mac Lógáin

1962 – 70: Tomás Mac Giolla

1970 – 83: Ruairí Ó Brádaigh

1983 -: Gerry Adams

 

                                    Terrorist in Northern Ireland

 

Irish Republican Army

 

Chiefs of Staff of IRA

1917 – 19: Cathal Brugha

1919 – 22: Richard Mulcahy

1922: Eoin O'Duffy

 

Chiefs of Staff (anti-Treaty)

1922 – 23: Liam Lynch

1923 – 25: Frank Aiken

1925 – 26: Andy Cooney

1926 – 36: Moss (Maurice) Twomey

 

1936: Seán MacBride

1937: Thomas "Tom" Barry

1937 – 38: Michael "Mick" Fitzpatrick

1938 – 40: Seán Russell

1940 – 41: Stephen Hayes

1941: Pearse Kelly

1941 – 42: Seán Harrington

1942: Seán McCool

1942: Hugh McAteer

1942 – 44: Charlie Kerins

1944 – 45: Harry White

1945 – 47: Patrick Fleming

1947 – 48: Willie McGuinness

1948 – 57: Tony Magan

1957 – 58: Seán Cronin

1958: John Joe McGirl

1958: Ruairí Ó Brádaigh

1959 – 60: Seán Cronin

1960 – 62: Ruairí Ó Brádaigh

1962 – 69: Cathal Goulding

 

Chiefs of Staff of the Prov. Irish Republican Army 

1969 – 72: Seán Mac Stiofáin "Mac the Knife"

1972 – 73: Joe Cahill

1973: Seamus Twomey

1973 – 74: Éamonn O'Doherty

1974 – 77: Seamus Twomey

1977 – 78: Gerry Adams

1978 – 82: Martin McGuinness

1982 – 83: Ivor Bell

1983 – 97: Kevin McKenna

1997 -: Thomas "Slab" Murphy

 

Chiefs of Staff of the Official Irish Republican Army

1969 – 72: Cathal Goulding

1998 -: Seán Garland

 

                                             Peerage of the United Kingdom

 

Duke of Edinburgh

 

1945 -: Phillip Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg and Battenberg

 

Prince of Wales

 

1958 -: Charles Philip Arthur George of Wales

 

Princess of Wales

 

1893 – 1910: Mary of Teck

1981 – 93: Diana Spencer

 

Earl Spencer

 

1835 – 1910: John Poyntz Spencer

1857 – 1922: Charles Robert Spencer

1892 – 1975: Albert Edward John Spencer

1924 – 92: Edward John Spencer



1964 -: Charles Edward Maurice Spencer

 

 


 
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