Heds of State/Jefes de Estado
  Southeastern Asia Sudeste Asiatico
 


  Brunei

 



s. VII a.c – 1068 d.c: Srivijaya/Sriwijaya

 

1068 – 1363: Kedah

 

1363 – 1578: Sultanate/ Kesultanan

 

1578: Spain/Sepanyol

 

1578 – 1888: Sultanate/ Kesultanan

 

1888 – 1959: British


1959 – 71: Autonomy/Autonomi

 

1971 – 84: Self Government/ Kerajaan sendiri


1984 -: Sultanate/ Kesultanan

 

British Resident/British Penduduk/ Britain Residen

 Chief Ministers/Ketua Menteri

1906 – 07: Malcolm Stewart Hannibal McArthur

1959 – 62: Pekin Dato Perdana Menteri Dato Paduka Haji Ibrahim

1907 – 08: Harvey Chevallier

1962 – 67: Dato Seri Paduka Haji Marsal bin Maud

1908: Malcolm Stewart Hannibal McArthur

1968 – 72: Dato Pengiran Muhammad Yusuf bin Abdul Rahim

1908 – 09: John Fortescue Owen

1972 – 81: Pengiran Dipa Negara Laila Dirija Pengiran Abdul Mumin

1909 – 13: Harvey Chevallier



1981 – 83:
Pehin Orang Kaya Laila Wijaya Dato Haji Abdul Aziz Umar

1913 – 15: Francis William Douglas

Foreign Ministers/Asing Menteri/ Menteri Luar Negeri            

1915 – 16: Ernest Barton Maundrell

1984 -:Pengiran Muda Mohamed Bolkiah                  

1916 – 21: Geoffrey Edmund Cator

 

1921 – 23:  Lucien Allen Arthur

 

1923 – 26: Eric Ernest Falk Pretty

 

1926 – 27: Oswald Eric Venables

 

1923 – 28: Eric Ernest Falk Pretty

 

1928 – 31: Patrick Alexander Bruce McKerron

 

1931 – 34: Thomas Falkland Carey

 

1934 – 37: Roland Evelyn Turnbull

 

1937 – 40: John Graham Black 

 

1940 – 41: Ernest Edgar Pengilly

 

 

Japanese commander/Orang jepun Panglima/ Jepang komandan

 

1942 – 45: Masao Baba

 

 

British commander/Brotish Panglima/Brtain Komandan

 

1945 – 46: K.E.H. Keay

 

 

British Residentt/British Penduduk/ Britain Residen

 

1948 – 51: Eric Ernest Falk Pretty

 

1951 – 54: John Coleraine Hanbury Barcroft

 

1954 – 58: John Orman Gilbert

 

1958 – 59: Dennis Charles White

 

 

High Commissioners/Tinggi Pesuruhanjaya/           Tinggi Komisaris

 

1959 – 63: Dennis Charles White

 

1963: Angus MacKay Mackintosh

 

1963 – 65: Edgar Ord Laird

 

1965 – 67: Fernley Douglas Webber

 

1967 – 72: Arthur Robin Adair

 

1972 – 75: Peter Gautrey

 

1975 – 78: James Alfred Davidson

 

1978 – 83: Arthur Christopher Watson

 

 

Sultan

 

1885 – 1903: Hashim Jalilul Alam Akamuddin

 

1906 – 24: Muhammad Jamalul Alam

 

1924 – 50: Ahmad Tajuddin Ahazul Khairi 

 

1950 – 67: Omar Ali Saifuddin Sa´adul Khairi Waddien

 

1967 -: Muda Hassanal Bolkiah Mu´izzadin Waddaulah

 

 

 

Cambodia/ ស្រុកខ្មែរ

 

68 – 550: Funan/នគរវ្នំ (Nokr vnom)

 

 

 

550 – 706: Chenla/ចេនឡា        

 

 

706 – 1340: Empire/អាណាចក្រ (Anachak)

 

 

1340 – 69: Kingdom/ ព្រះរាជាណា (Preach Reachéanachâk)

 

 

1369 – 75: Siam

 

 

1375 – 1863: Kingdom/ ព្រះរាជាណា (Preach Reachéanachâk)

 

 

1863 – 1945: France/បារាំង (Barang)

 

 

1945: Japan/ជប៉ុន (Chbon)

 

 

1945 – 53: France/បារាំង(Barang)

 

 

1953 – 70: Kingdom/ ព្រះរាជាណា (Preach Reachéanachâk)

 

 

1970 – 76: Khmer Republic/ សាធារណរដ្ឋខ្មែរ (Sathéaranakrâth Khmer)

 

 

1976 – 79: Democratic Kampuchea/ កម្ពុជាប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ (Kâmpŭchéa Prâcheathippadey)

 

 

1979 – 89: People´s Republic/ សាធារណរដ្ឋប្រជាមានិតកម្ពុជា (Sathéaranakrâth Pracheameanit)

 

 

1989 – 93: State/ រដ្ឋ (Rod)

 

 

1993 -: Kingdom/ ព្រះរាជាណា (Preach Reachéanachâk)

 

 

 

Residents-superior/រ៉េស ដែលលើ ( Roesa Gnaaung)

 

Prime Ministers/នៃនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី  (Nee-a-yoak  roa-ut-ta-moo-un-dtray)

1900 – 01: Louis Paul Luce  

1945: Norodom Sihanouk នរោត្ដម សីហនុ

1901 – 02: Léon Jules Pol Boulloche

1945: Son Ngoc Thanh 

1902: Charles Pallier

1945 – 46: Sisowath Monireth 

1902 – 04: Henri Félix de Lamothe

1946 – 47: Sisovath Youtevong 

1904 – 05: Jules Louis Morel 

1947 – 48: Sisowath Watchayavong 

1905: Olivier Charles Arthur de Lalande de Calan 

1948: Chhean Vam   

1905 – 11: Louis Paul Luce    

1948 – 49: Samdech Penn Nouth 

1911 - 14: Antoine Georges Amédée Ernest Outrey

1949: Yem Sambaur 

1914: Xavier Tessarech 

1949: Ieu Koeus

1914: Maurice Le Gallen

1949 – 50: Yem Sambaur 

1914 – 27: François Marius Baudouin

1950: Norodom Sihanouk នរោត្ដម សីហនុ

1927 – 29: Aristide Eugène Le Fol 

1950 – 51: Samdech Krom Luong Sisowath Monipong 

1929: Achille Louis Auguste Silvestre 

1951: Oum Chheang Sun  Oum

1929 – 32: Fernand Marie Joseph Antoine Lavit 

1951 – 52: Huy Kanthoul 

1932 – 35: Achille Louis Auguste Silvestre 

1952 – 53: Norodom Sihanouk នរោត្ដម សីហនុ

1935 – 36: Henri Louis Marie Richomme 

1953: Samdech Penn Nouth 

1936 – 41: Léon Emmanuel Thibaudeau 

1953 – 54: Chan Nak 

1941 – 43: Jean de Lens 

1954: Norodom Sihanouk នរោត្ដម សីហនុ

1943 – 44: Georges Armand Léon Gauthier 

1954 – 55: Samdech Penn Nouth 

1944 – 45: André Joseph Berjoan 

1955: Leng Ngeth 

 

Japanese Supreme Adviser/នៃប្រទេសជប៉ុន  រជាន់ខ្ពស RkumRbwkSa (Jee-bpoon rocoaano Krom proeksaa)

1955 – 56: Norodom Sihanouk នរោត្ដម សីហនុ

1945: Kubo  

1956: Oum Chheang Sun

 

Residents-superior/រ៉េស ដែលលើ( Roesa Gnaaung)

1956: Norodom Sihanouk នរោត្ដម សីហនុ

1945: André Joseph Berjoan 

1956: Khim Tit 

 

Commissioners/ អ្នកតំណាង (Qanokatanikahitnnoango)

1956: Norodom Sihanouk នរោត្ដម សីហនុ

1946 – 47: Romain Victor Pénavaire 

1956 – 57: Sam Yun 

1947 – 48: Léon Marie Adolphe Pascal Pignon 

1957: Norodom Sihanouk នរោត្ដម សីហនុ

1948 – 49: Lucien Vincent Loubet  Lucien Vincent Loubet

1957 – 58: Sim Var 

1949 – 51: Jean Léon François Marie de Raymond 

1958: Ek Yi Oun 

1951 – 52: Yves Digo 

1958: Samdech Penn Nouth Sim Var

1952 – 53: Jean Risterucci   

1958: Sim Var 

 

Kings/ចមពង្ស (S´daich)

1958 – 60: Norodom Sihanouk នរោត្ដម សីហនុ

1860 – 1904: Norodom I  ព្រះបាទនរោត្តម

1960 – 61: Pho Proeung 

1904 – 27: Sisowath Ludhibana ព្រះបាទស៊ីសុវតិ្ថ

1961: Samdech Penn Nouth

1927 – 41: Sisowath Monivong ព្រះបាទ ស៊ីសុវតិ្ថ មុនីវង្ស

1961 – 62: Norodom Sihanouk នរោត្ដម សីហនុ

1941 – 55: Norodom Sihanouk  នរោត្ដម សីហនុ

1962: Nhiek Tioulong

1955 - 60: Norodom Suramarit 

1962: Chau Sen Cocsal Chhum 

 

Heads of state/ RbFan rdæ (Bpra-tee-un Roadh)

1962 – 66: Norodom Kantol

1960: Chuop Hell 

1966 – 67: Lon Nol 

1960: Sisowath Monireth

1967 – 68: Son Sann

1960: Chuop Hell Chuop Hell

1968 – 69: Samdech Penn Nouth 

1960 – 70: Norodom Sihanouk  Norodom Suramarit

1969 – 72: Lon Nol  Lon Nol

1970 – 72: Cheng Heng 

1972: Sisowath Sirik Matak 

 

Presidents/ប្រធានា (Bpra-tee-un)

1972: Son Ngoc Thanh 

1972 – 75: Lon Nol  

1972 – 73: Hang Thun Hak 

1975: Saukham Khoy 

1973: In Tam  

1975: Sak Suthsakan 

1973 – 75: Long Boret 

 

Heads of state/ RbFan rdæ (Bpra-tee-un Roadh)

1975 – 76: Samdech Penn Nouth 

 1975 – 76: Norodom Sihanouk នរោត្ដម សីហនុ

1976: Khieu Samphan 

 

Chairman of the State Presidium/នាយក rdæ កម្មាធិកាអចិន្ត្រៃ (Bpra-tee-un Roadh Kamomoaathoikaaaqacainotaroai)

1976 – 79: Pol Pot 

1976 – 79: Khieu Samphan 

1979 – 81: Heng Samrin    

 

Secretary-general of the Kampuchean Communist Party អគ្គ លេខាធិការប្រទេសកម្ពុជា អ្នកកាន់លទ្ឋិកុម្មុយនីស្ត (Smiye Kampuchea Qanokakaaanolototthaikaumomouyonoiisata)

 

Chairmen of the Council of Ministers/នាយក កុងស (Bpra-tee-un Konaa roadh montriy)

 

1963 – 79: Pol Pot 

 

1981: Pen Sovan  Pen Sovan

 

President of the People's Revolutionary Council/ប្រធានាធិបតី់ RbCaRbiyប្រជា អ្នកបដិវត្ត (Bpra-tee-un Bratjeabreye)

1981 – 84: Chan Sy  Chan Sy

 

1979 – 81: Heng Samrin 

 

1985 – 93: Hun Sen  ហ៊ុន សែន

 

Chairmen of the Council of State/នាយក KN³rdrdæ (Bpra-tee-un Konaa Roadh)

 

Coequal Prime ministers/នៃនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី (Nee-a-yoak  roa-ut-ta-moo-un-dtray)

 

1981 – 92: Heng Samrin

                                    

1993: Hun Sen ហ៊ុន សែន  ,Norodom Ranariddh នរោត្ដម រណឬទ្ធិ

 

1992 – 93: Chea Sim 

 

1993 – 97: Norodom Ranariddh  នរោត្ដម រណឬទ្ធិ

Kings/ចមពង្ស (S´daich)

 

1997 – 98: Ung Huot  Ung Huot

 

1993 – 2004: Norodom Sihanouk នរោត្ដម សីហនុ

Prime ministers/នៃនាយករដ្ឋមន្ត្រី (Nee-a-yoak  roa-ut-ta-moo-un-dtray)

 

2004 -:Norodom Sihamoni នរោត្តម សីហមុន

 

1998 -: Hun Sen  ហ៊ុន សែន

 

 

Indonesia

 

 

2000 a.c – s. V d.c: Melanesian

 

 

s. V – 650: Kantoli/Kandali

 

 

650 – 1377: Srivijaya/Sriwijaya

 

 

1377 – 1602: Pagaruyung

 

 

1602 – 1811: Dutch/Belanda

 

 

1811 – 16: British/Inggris

 

 

1816 – 1942: Dutch/Belanda

 

 

1942 – 45: Japan/Jepang

 

 

1945 -: Republic/Republik

 

 

 

Governors-general/ Gubernur-Jendral

Foreign Ministers/ Menteri Luar Negeri         

Princely States/  

Pangeran Serikat

1899 – 1904: Willem Rooseboom 

1945: Ahmad Soebardjo

 

Asahan

1904 – 09: Joannes Benedictus van Heutsz

1945 – 47: Sutan Sjahrir

1888 – 1915: Husain Syah bin Muhammad Adil

1909 – 16: Alexander Willem Idenburg

1947 – 49: Agus Salim

1915 – 80: Su Saibun bin Abdul Jalil Rahmat Syah

 

1916 – 21: Johan Paul van Limburg

 

1949 – 50: Mohammad Hatta

 

1980 -: Kamal Abrahim Abdul Jali Rahmat

1921 – 26: Dirk Fock

1950 – 51: Mohammad Roem

 

1926 – 31: Andries Cornelis Dirk de Graeff

1951 – 52: Ahmad Soebardjo

 

Bima

1931 – 36: Bonifacius Cornelis de Jonge

1952 – 53: Mukarto Notowidigdo

1881 – 1915: Ibrahim Zillu'llahfil -al'Alam ibni al-Marhum

1936 – 45: Alidius van Starkenbrogh

1953 – 55: Sunario

1915 – 51: Muhammad Salah ud-din Zillu'llah ibni al-Marhum

 

Japanese Military governors/ Gubernur Militer

1955 – 56: Ide Anak Gde Agung

1951 – 2001: 'Abdu'l Khair II Muhammad Shah Zillu'llah

1942: Hitoshi Imamura

1956 – 57: Roeslan Abdulgani

2001 -:'Abdu'l Khair II Muhammad Shah

1942 – 45: Kumakichi Harada

1957 – 66: Subandrio

 

1945: Yuichiro Nagano

1966 – 77: Adam Malik

 

Deli

 

Commanders of British Forces/ Komandan dari British Angkatan

1977: Syarif Thayeb

1873 – 1924: Mamun al-Rasyid Perkasa Alam Syah 

1945 – 46: Philip Christison

1977 – 88: M. Kusumaatmadja

1924 – 45: Amaluddin III Perkasa Alam Syah

1946: Montagu Stopford

1988 – 99: Ali Alatas 

1945 – 67: Uthman II Perkasa Alam Syah

 

Commander of Australian Forces/ Komandan dari Australia Angkatan

1999 – 2001: Alwi Shihab 

1967 – 98: Azmi Perkasa Alam Syah 

1945 – 46: Thomas A. Blamey

2001 – 09: Hassan Wirajuda

1998 – 2005: Otteman III Mahmud Ma'amun Perkasa Syah

 

Lieutenant governor/ Wakil gubernur

 2009 – 14: Marty Natalegawa

2005 -: Paduka Sri Sultan Mahmud Arfa Lamanjiji Perkasa Otteman Alam

1948 – 49: Louis Joseph Maria Beel

2014 -:  Retno Marsudi

 

 

1949: Antonius Hermanus Johannes Lovink

 

 

Gowa

Presidents/Presiden

 

1936 – 46: Muhammad Tahir Muhib ud-din ibnu Sultan

1945 – 67: Ahmed Sukarno

 

1946 – 78: Muhammad 'Abdu'l Kadir Aid ud-din ibnu Sultan

1967 – 98: Suharto

 

1978 -:Muhammad 'Abdu'l Kadir Aid ud-din

1998 – 99: Bacharuddin Jusef Habibie

 

 

 

1999 – 2001: Abdurrahman Wahid

 

 

Karangasem

2001 – 04: Megawati Sukarnoputri

 

1893 – 1908: Gusti Gedé Jelantik

2004 – 14:Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono

 

1908 – 50: Anglurah Ketut Karangasem

 2014 -: Joko Widodo

 

1950 – 91: Ngurah Ketut Karangasem

 

 

1991 -: Gede Sudewa Djelantik

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yogyakarta

 

 

1877 – 1921: Amangku Buwana VII Senapati

 

 

1921 – 39: Amangku Buwana VIII Senapati ing Alaga Ngah

 

 

1940 – 88: Amangku Buwana IX Senapati ing Alaga Ngah

 

 

1989 -: Buwana X Senapati ing Alaga Ngah 'Abdu'l-Rahman

 

 

Laos/ ນລາວ (Lao)

 

68 – 550: Funan

 

550 – 706: Chenla

 

706 – 1353: Khmer

 

1353 – 1896: Kingdom/ ອານາຈັກ (Anachak)

 

1896 – 1945: France/ປະເທດຝະລັ່ງ (Pathed Falang)

 

1945: Japan/ປະເທດຍີ່ປຸ່ນ (P athednyipun)

 

1945 – 46: Kingdom/ ອານາຈັກ (Anachak)

 

1946 – 53: France/ປະເທດຝະລັ່ງ (Pathed Falang)

 

1953 – 75: Kingdom/ ອານາຈັກ (Anachak)

 

1975 -: People' s Democratic Republic/ ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນ (Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon)

 

 

Residents-superior/Puyuasay Tisunggua

Prime Minister/ ນາຍົກລັດຖະມົນຕີ (Hapsay)

1899 – 1903: Marie Auguste Armand Tournier

1941 – 45: Phetsarath Rattanavongga

1903 – 06: Georges Marie Joseph Mahé

1945 – 46: Phaya Khammao

1906 – 07: Louis Saturnin Laffont

1946 – 47: Kindavong

1907 – 12: Georges Marie Joseph Mahé

1947 – 48: Souvannarath

1912 – 13: Louis Antoine Aubry de la Noé

1948 – 50: Boun Oum

1913: Claude Léon Garnier

1950 – 51: Phoui Sananikone

1913 – 14: Jean Édouard Bourcier Saint-Chaffray

1951 – 54: Souvanna Phouma

1914 – 18:Claude Léon Garnier

1954 – 56: Katay Don Sasorith

1918 – 31: Jules Georges Théodore Bosc

1956 – 58: Souvanna Phouma

1931: Paul Raimond Octane Le Boulanger

1958 – 59: Phoui Sananikone

1931: Pierre André Michel Pagès

1959 – 60: Sounthone Pathammavong

1931: Yves Charles Chatel

1960: Kou Abhay

1931: Paul Raimond Octane Le Boulanger

1960: Somsanith

1931 – 32: Jules Nicolas Thiebaut

1960: Souvanna Phouma

1932 – 33: Aristide Eugène Le Fol

1960 – 62: Boun Oum

1933 – 34: Adrien Anthony Maurice Roques

1962 – 75: Souvanna Phouma

1934: Louis Frédéric Eckert

1975 – 91: Kaysone Phomvihane ໄກສອນ ພົມວິຫານ 

1934: Adrien Anthony Maurice Roques

1991 – 98: Khamtai Siphandon

1934 – 38: Eugène Henri Roger Eutrope

1998 – 2001: Sisavath Keobounphanh

1938 – 40: André Touzet

2001 – 06: Boungnang Vorachith

1940 – 41: Adrien Anthony Maurice Roques

2006 – 10: Bouasone Bouphavanh

1941 – 45: Louis Antoine Marie Brasey

2010 -: Thongsing Thammavong ທອງສິງ ທຳມະວົງ

 

Japanese Resident/Nyi puin Puyuasay

 

1945: Masanori Sako

 

 

French Commissioners/Flaing Bpatankanagaimme

 

1945 – 46: Hans Imfeld

 

1946 – 47: Jean Léon François Marie de Raymond

 

1947 – 48: Maurice Marie Auguste Michaudel

 

1948 – 49: Alfred Gabriel Joseph Valmary

 

1949 – 53: Robert Regnier

 

1953 – 54: Miguel Joaquin de Pereyra

 

 

Luang Phra Bang Kings

 

1895 – 1904: Sakkarin

 

1904 – 46: Sisavang Vong

 

 

Lao Kings

 

1946 – 59: Sisavang Vong

 

1959 – 75: Savang Vatthana

 

 

Presidents/  ປະທານປະເທດ                      

 

1975 – 91: Souphanouvong

 

1991 – 92: Kaysone Phomvihane ໄກສອນ ພົມວິຫານ

 

1992 – 98: Nouhak Phoumsavan

 

1998 – 2006: Khamtai Siphandon

 

2006 -: Choummaly Sayasone  ຈູມມະລີ ໄຊຍະສອນ

 

 

 

Malaysia

 

5000 a.c - s. II d.c: Austronesian

 

 

s. II – 1026: Gangga Negara

 

 

1026 – 1660: Kedah

 

 

1660 – 1767: Thai

 

 

1767 – 69: Burmese/Myanmar

 

 

1769 -1896: Thai

 

 

1896 – 1942: British

 

 

1942 – 45: Japan/Jepun

 

 

1945 – 46: British

 

 

1946 – 48: Union/Kesatuan

 

 

1948 -: Federation/Persekutuan

 

 

 

Residents-general/Penduduk  Jeneral

Prime Ministers/ Perdana Menteri

States/Negara

1896 – 1901: Frank Athelstane Swettenham 

1955 – 59: Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Alhaj 

Johor

 

1901 – 04: William Hood Treacher

 

1959: Tun Abdul Razak bin Hussein

 

Sultans

1904 – 10: William Thomas Taylor

1959 – 70: Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Alhaj

1895 – 1959: Tuanku Ibrahim ibni al-Marhum

1910 – 11: Arthur Henderson Young

1970 – 76: Tun Abdul Razak bin Hussein

1959 – 81: Tuanku Ismail ibni al-Marhum

 

Chief Secretaries/Setiausaha Utama

1976 – 81: Datuk Hussein bin Onn

 

1981 – 2010: Tuanku Mahmud Iskandar al-Marhum

 

 

 

2010 -: Tuanku Ibrahim Ismail ibni al-Marhum Sultan Iskandar

1911 – 20: Edward Lewis Brockman

1981 – 2003: Mahathir bin Mohamad

 

Chief ministers/Menteri Besar

1920 – 26: George Maxwell

2003 – 09:Abdullah Ahmad Badawi

1920 – 22: Mohamed bin Mahbob

1926 – 30: William Peel

2009 -: Najib Tun Razak

1923 – 28: Abdullah bin Jaafar

1930 – 32: Charles Walter Hamilton Cochrane

 

1928 – 31: Mustapha bin Jaafar

1932 – 34: Andrew Caldecott

 

1931 – 34: Abdul Hamid bin Yusof

1934 – 35: Malcolm Bond Shelley

 

1935 – 47: Ungku Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Majid

1935 – 36: Marcus Rex

 

1947 – 50: Onn Jaafar

 

Federal Secretaries/Setiausaha Persekutuan Ketenteraan

 

1952 – 55: Syed Abdul Kadir bin Mohamed

1936 – 39: Christopher Dominic Ahearne

 

1955 – 59: Wan Idris bin Ibrahim

1939 -  42: Hugh Fraser

 

1959 – 67: Tan Sri Hassan Yunos

 

Japanese Military governors/Gabernor

 

1967 – 82: Tan Sri Othman Saat

1942 – 44: Tomoyuki Yamashita

 

1982 – 86: Abdul Ajib bin Ahmad

1944 – 45: Hisaichi Terauchi

 

1986 – 95: Muhyiddin Yassin

1945: Seishiro Itagaki

 

1995 – 2013: Abdul Ghani Othman

 

Governor-general/ Gabenor Jeneral

 

2013 -: Mohamed Khaled Nordin

1946 – 48: Malcolm John MacDonald

 

Kedah

 

High commissioners/Tinggi Pesuruhanjaya

 

 

Sultan

1948: Gerard Edward James Gent

 

1882 – 1943: Tuanku Seri Abdul al-Marhum

1948 – 51: Henry Lovell Goldworthy Gurney

 

1943 – 58: Tengku Badli Shah al-Marhum

1952 – 54: Gerald Walter Robert Templer

 

1958 -: Tuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam

1954 – 57: Donald Charles MacGillivray

 

 

 

Paramount Rulers/ Yang di-Pertuan Agong

 

 

Chief ministers/Menteri Besar

1957 – 60: Tuanku Abdul Rahman al-Marhum

 

1948 – 54: Mohamad Sheriff bin Osman

1960: Tuanku Hisamuddin Alam Shah ibni al-Marhum

 

1954 – 59: Tunku Ismail bin Tunku Yahya

1960 – 65: Syed Harun Putra ibni al-Marhum

 

1959 – 67: Syed Omar Shahabuddin

1965 – 70: Tuanku Ismail Nasiruddin Shah ibni al-Marhum     

 

1967 – 78: Syed Ahmad Shahabuddin

1970 – 75: Tuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam ibni al-Marhum     

 

1978 – 85: Syed Nahar Shahabuddin

1975 – 79: Tuanku Yahya Petra ibni al-Marhum

 

1985 – 96: Tan Sri Osman Aroff

1979 – 84: Tuanku Ahmad Shah al-Mustain ibni al-Marhum

 

1996 – 99: Tan Sri Sanusi Junid

1984 – 89: Tuanku Mahmud Iskandar ibni al-Marhum

 

1999 – 2005: Syed Razak Syed Zain

1989 – 94: Tuanku Azlan Muhibuddin Shah ibni al-Marhum

 

2005 – 08: Datuk Seri Mahdzir Khalid

1994 – 99: Tuanku Jaafar ibni al-Marhum

 

 2008 – 13: Azizan Abdul Razak

 

 

2013 -: Mukhriz Tun Mahathir

1999 – 2001: Tuanku Salahuddin Abdul Aziz ibni al-Marhum

 

Negeri Sembilan

2001: Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin ibni al-Marhum

 

 

Rulers/ Yang di-Pertuan Besar

2001 – 06: Syed Sirajuddin ibni al-Marhum

 

1888 – 1933: Muhammad ibni al-Marhum

2006 – 11: Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin ibni al-Marhum

 

1933 – 60: Abdul Rahman ibni al-Marhum

2011 -: Tuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Badishah

 

1960 – 67: Laksman Munawir ibni al-Marhum

 

 

1967 – 2008: Tuanku Jaafar ibni al-Marhum

 

 

2008 -: Tuanku Mukhriz ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Munawir

 

 

 

Chief Ministers/Menteri Besar

 

 

1948 – 50: Abdul Malek bin Yusuf

 

 

1950 – 51: Mohamad Salleh bin Sulaiman

 

 

1951 – 52: Abdul Malek bin Yusuf

 

 

1952: Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Majid

 

 

1952 – 53: Abdul Malek bin Yusuf

 

 

1953 – 59: Shamsuddin bin Nain

 

 

1959: Mohamad Shariff bin Abdul Samad

 

 

1959 – 69: Mohamad Said bin Mohamad

 

 

1969 – 78: Mansor Othman

 

 

1978 – 82: Dato' Rais Yatim

 

 

1982 – 2004: Mohamed Isa Abdul Samad

 

 

2004 -:Datuk Mohamad Hasan

 

 

 

 

 

Terengganu

 

 

 

Sultan

 

 

1881 – 1918: Zainal Abidin Muadzam

 

 

1918 – 20: Muhammad Sha al- Marhum

 

 

1920 – 42: Sulaiman Badarul Alam Shah

 

 

1942 – 45: Ali ibni al-Marhum Sultan Alam

 

 

1945 – 79: Ismail Nasiruddin Shah Marhum

 

 

1979 – 98: Mahmud al-Muktafi Billah Shah

 

 

1998 -:Mizan Zainal Abidin ibni al-Marhum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chief Ministers/Menteri Besar

 

 

1925 – 40: Seri Amar Diraja Ngah Muhamad

 

 

1940 – 42: Seri Setia Raja Tengku Omar

 

 

1942 – 45: Jaya Perkasa Da Omar

 

 

1945 – 49: Panglima Perang Tengku

 

 

1949 – 59: Perdana Menteri Di Raja

 

 

1959 – 61: Mohd Daud bin Abdul Samad

 

 

1961 – 70: Ibrahim Fikri bin Mohammad

 

 

1970 – 71: Mahmood bin Sulaiman

 

 

1971 – 74: Nik Hassan bin Wan Abdul

 

 

1974 – 99: Wan Mokhtar Ahmad

 

 

1999 – 2004: Abdul Hadi Awang

 

 

2004 – 08: Dato Seri Idris Jusoh

 

 

2008 – 14: Ahmad Said

 

 

2014 -: Datuk Ahmad Razif Abdul Rahman

 

 

Myanmar ြန်မာပြည်

 

 

s. II a.c – 849 d.c: Pyu/ ပျူ (Pyauu)

 

 

 

 

849 – 1297: Pagan/ ပုဂံ (Pugan)

 

 

 

 

1297 – 1309: Myingsaing

 

 

 

 

1309 – 64: Pinya/ ပင်းယ (Painny)

 

 

 

 

1364 – 1752: Awa/ အင်းဝခေတ် (Aainnwahkayat)

 

 

 

 

1752 – 54: Mon

 

 

 

 

1754 – 1826: Awa/ အင်းဝခေတ် (Aainnwahkayat)

 

 

 

 

1826 – 1942: British/ ဗြိတိသျှ (Byaitish)

 

 

 

 

1942 – 45: Japan/ ဂျပန်နိုင်ငံ (Gyapaanninengan)

 

 

 

 

1945 – 48: British/ ဗြိတိသျှ (Byaitish)

 

 

 

 

1948 – 74: Union/ ပြည်ထောင်စု (Pyidaungsu)

 

 

 

 

1974 – 88: Socialist Republic/ ဆိုရှယ်လစ်ဝါဒီ နိုင်ငံတော် (Soshallaitwarde Naingngandaw)

 

 

 

 

1988 – 2010: Union/ ပြည်ထောင်စု (Pyidaungsu)

 

 

 

 

2010 -: Republic/ နိုင်ငံတော် (Naingngandaw)

 

 

 

 

 

Lieutenant governors  (Dudeya Mahhah)

 

Deputy Chairmen of the Executive Council  (Ahyaybingmin Konsi)

 

Opossition Leader (in exile)/Liba

1897 – 1903: Frederick William Richard Fryer   

1937 – 39: Ba Maw

1988 -: Aung San Suu Kyi အောင်ဆန်းစုကြည

1903 – 05: Hugh Shakespaer Barnes

1939 – 40: Maung Pu

 

Prime Minister (Uncicho)

1905 – 10: Herbert Thirkell White

1940 – 42: U Saw

1990 -: Sin Win

1910 – 15: Harvey Adamson

1942: Paw Tun

 

 

1915 – 17: Spencer Harcourt Butler

1942: Tun Oke

 

1917 – 18: Walter Francis Rice

1942 – 45: Ba Maw

 

1918 – 22: Reginald Henry Craddock

1946 – 47: Aung San အောင်ဆန်း

 

1922 – 23: Spencer Harcourt Butler

Prime Ministers   (Uncicho)

 

 

Governors (Mahhah)

1947 – 56: U Nu ဦးန

 

1923 – 27: Spencer Harcourt Butler

1956 – 57: Ba Swe  ဘဆွေ

 

1927 – 32: Charles Alexander Innes

1957 – 58: U Nu ဦးန

 

1932 – 36: Hugh Landsdowne Stephenson

1958 – 60: Ne Win  နေဝင်း

 

1936 – 41: Archibald Douglas Cochrane

1960 – 62: U Nu ဦးန

 

1941 – 45: Reginald Hugh Dorman-Smith

1962 – 74: Ne Win  နေဝင်း

 

 

Japanese military commanders (Zahpahn Tsityay htahnah Ooe see choke)

1974 – 77: Sein Win  စိန်ဝင်း

 

 

1942 – 43: Shojiro Iida

1977 – 88: Maung Maung Kha မောင်မောင်ခ

 

1943 – 44: Masakazu Kawabe

1988: Tun Tin ထွန်းတင်

 

1944 – 45: Heitaro Kimura

1988 – 92: Saw Maung  စောမောင်

 

 

Head of State (Tik thah-jees)

1992 – 2003: Than Shwe  သန်းရွှေ

 

1942 – 45: Ba Maw

2003 – 04: Khin Nyunt

 

 

Governors (Mahhah)

2004 – 07: Soe Win  စိုးဝင်း

 

1944 – 45: Louis Mountbatten

 2007 – 11: Thein Sein သိန်းစိန်

 

1945 – 48: Hubert Elvin Rance

 

 

Presidents 

 

 

1948 – 52: Saw Shwe Thaik စဝ်ရွှေသိုက်

      

 

1952 – 57: Ba U

 

 

1957 – 62: Win Maung ဝင်းမောင်

 

 

1962 – 81: Ne Win နေဝင်း

 

 

1981 – 88: San Yu စန်းယ

 

 

1988: Sein Lwin စိန်လွင်

 

 

1988: Aye Ko အေးက

 

 

1988: Maung Maung  မောင်မောင်

 

 

1988 – 92: Saw Maung  စောမောင်

 

 

1992 – 2011: Than Shwe  သန်းရွှေ

 

 

2011 -: Thein Sein သိန်းစိန်

 

 

 

 

Phillipines/ Pilipinas

 

 

5000 a.c – 1521 d.c: Malayo-polynesian/ Malayo-Polinesyan

 

 

1521 – 1762: Spain/Espanya

 

 

1762 – 63: British

 

 

1763 – 1898: Spain/Espanya

 

 

1898 – 1935: USA/Estados Unidos

 

 

1935 – 42: Commonwealth/Komonwelt

 

 

1942 – 45: Japan/Hapon

 

 

1945 – 46: USA/Estados Unidos

 

 

1946 -: Republic/Republika

 

 

 

Presidents/ Pangulo

Foreign Ministers/ Ministro ng Ugnayang Panlabas

States

1898 – 1901: Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy

1946 – 48: Elpidio Quirino

 

Katagalugan President(Pangulo)

1901 – 02: Miguel Malvar

1948 – 50: Joaquin Miguel Elizalde

1902 – 06: Macario Sakay

 

Governors/Gobernador

1950 – 52: Carlos P. Romulo

Mindanao

1901 – 04: William Howard Taft

1952 – 53: Joaquin Miguel Elizalde

 

Commanders/Komandante

1904 – 06: Luke E. Wright

1953 – 57: Carlos P. Garcia  

1900 – 02: William August Kobbe

1906: Henry Clay Ide

1957 – 61: Felixberto M. Serrano

1902: George Davis

1906 – 09: James Francis Smith

1961 – 63: Emmanuel Pelaez

1902 – 03: Samuel Sumner

1909 – 13: William Cameron Forbes 

1963 – 64: Salvador P. Lopez

 

Governors/Gobernador

1913: Newton W. Gilbert

1964 – 65: Mauro Mendez

1903 – 06: Leonard Wood

1913 – 21: Francis Burton Harrison

1965 – 68: Narciso Ramos

1906 – 09: Tasker Howard Bliss

1921: Charles E. Yeater

1968 – 84: Carlos P. Romulo

1909: Ralph W. Hoyt 

1921 – 27: Leonard Wood

1984: Manuel Collantes

1909: Charles Hagedon

1927: Eugene Allen Gilmore

1984 – 85: Arturo M. Tolentino

1909 – 13: John Joseph Pershing

 

1927 – 29: Henry Lewis Stimson

 

1985 – 86: Pacifico A. Castro

1913 – 20: Frank Watson Carpenter

1929: Eugene Allen Gilmore

1986 – 87: Salvador Laurel

 

Directors/Direktores

1929 – 32: Dwight Finley Davis 

1987: Manuel Yan

1936 – 19.: Teopisto Guingona

1932: George C. Butte

1987 – 92: Raul S. Manglapus 

1944 – 19.: Paulino Santos

1932 – 33: Theodore Roosevelt Jr.

1992 – 95: Roberto Romulo

 

Governors/Gobernador

1933 – 35: Frank William Murphy

1995 – 2001: Domingo Siazon 

1990 – 93: Zacaria Candao

 

Presidents / Pangulo

2001 – 02: Teofisto Guingona 

1993 – 96: Lininding Pangandaman

1935 – 42: Manuel Luis Quezon Antonio

2002: Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

 

1996 – 2001: Nur Misuari

 

Japanese Military Commander/Komandante pandigma Hapones

2002 – 03: Blas Ople  

2001 – 05: Parouk Hussin

1942: Masaharu Homma 

2003: Franklin Ebdalin

2005 – 09: Zaldy Ampatuan

 

Japanese Military Governors/Gobernador pandigma Hapones

 

2003: Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

2009 – 11: Ansaruddin M. Alonto Adiong

1942 – 43: Shizuichi Tanaka 

2003 – 04: Delia Albert

 2011 -: Mujiv S. Hataman

1943 – 44: Shigenori Kuroda

2004 – 11: Alberto Romulo

 

1944 – 45: Tomoyuki Yamashita

2011 -: Albert del Rosario

 

Presidents/ Pangulo

 

 

1943: Jorge Bartolomé Vargas y Celis

 

 

1943 – 45: José Paciano Laurel y García

 

 

1946 – 48: Manuel Roxas y Acuña 

 

 

1948 – 53: Elpidio Quirino y Rivera

 

 

1953 – 57: Ramon Magsaysay y del Fierro 

 

 

1957 – 61: Carlos Polestico Garcia

 

 

1961 – 65: Diosdado Pañgan Macapagal 

 

 

1965 – 86: Ferdinand Marcos

 

 

1986 – 92: Corazon Cojuangco Aquino

 

 

1992 – 98: Fidel Valdez Ramos

 

 

1998 – 2001: Joseph Marcelo Ejercito Estrada

 

 

2001 – 10:Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

 

 

2010 -: Benigno Cojuangco Aquino

 

 

 

 

Singapore/Singapura/新加坡 (Xīnjiāpō)/ சிங்கப்பூர் (Cingkappūr) 

 

 

650 – 1299: Srivijaya/Sriwijaya/三佛齐 (Sān fú qí )/ சிறீவிஜயம் (Ciīvijayam)

 

 

1299 – 1398: Kingdom/Kerajaan/王國 (Wangguo)/ ராஜ்யம் (Rajyam)

 

 

1398 – 1511: Sultanate/Kesultanam/蘇丹國( Sūdān guó)/சுல்த்தானை ( Culttāai)

 

 

1511 – 1641: Portugal/葡萄牙 (Pútáoyá)/ போர்த்துகல் (Pōrttukal)

 

 

1641 -1795: Dutch/Belanda/荷蘭人( Hélán rén)/ டச்சு (Taccu)

 

 

1795 – 1942: British/英國人(Yīngguó rén)/ பிரிட்டிஷ் (Pirittis)

 

 

1942 – 45: Japan/Jepun/日本 (Rìběn) /ஜப்பான் (Jappā)

 

 

1945 – 59: British/英國人(Yīngguó rén)/ பிரிட்டிஷ் (Pirittis)

 

 

1959 – 63: State/Negeri/狀態 (Zhuàngtài)/ மாநில (Manila)

 

 

1963 – 65: Malaysia/马来西亚 (Mǎláixīyà )/மலேசியா (Malēciyā)

 

 

1965 -: Republic/Republik/共和國(Gònghéguó)/குடியரசு (Kuiyaracu)

 

 

 

Straits Settlements Governors/Gabernor Penyelesaian Selat/海峽殖民地總督 (Haixia Zhimindi Zongdu) / Nerana Tittam Desathipathi                

 

Chief Ministers/ Ketua Menteri/首席部長 (Shouxi Buzhang)/  (Taaimayana Mantri)

1899 – 1901: James Alexander Swettenham  瑞天咸

1955 – 56: David Saul Marshall  戴維索爾馬歇爾 

1901 – 04: Frank Athelstone Swettenham瑞天咸爵

1956 – 59: Tun Lim Yew Hock林有福;

1904 – 11: John Anderson   安德遜爵

Prime ministres/  Perdana Menteri/總理 (Zongling) (Arambham Mantri)

1911 – 20: Arthur Henderson Young阿特楊爵

1959 – 90: Lee Kuan Yew  李光耀லீ குவான் யூ

1920 – 27: Laurence Nunns Guillemard基里瑪爵

1990 – 2004: Goh Chok Tong吳慶瑞

1927 – 30: Hugh Charles Clifford克利福爵

2004 -: Lee Hsien Loong李显龙

 

1930 – 34: Cecil Clementi  金文泰爵

 

1934 – 46: Shenton Whitelegge Thomas   珊頓爵

 

 

Japanese Administrators/Pentadbir orang Jepeun/日語管理員 (Riyu Guanliyuan)/ (Vicharanaikkaran)

 

1942 – 43: Tomoyuki Yamashita  山下奉文

 

1943 – 44: Hisaichi Terauchi   寺内寿一

 

 

1944 – 45: Doihara Kenji 土肥原贤二

 

1945: Seishiro Itagaki   板垣征四郎

 

 

Singapore Governors/Gabernor Singapura/新加坡總督(Xinjiapo Zongdu)/ சிங்கப்பூர் (Cingkappūr Desathipathi  )            

 

1945 – 46: Louis Francis Mountbatten路易斯·蒙巴頓மவுண்ட்பேட்டன் பிரபு

 

1946 – 52: Franklin Charles Gimson詹遜

 

1952 – 54: John Fearns Nicoll  尼高

 

1954 – 57: Robert Brown Black  柏立基

 

1957 – 59: William Allmond Codrington Goode 顧德爵

 

Presidents/Presiden/總統  (Zongtong)/  (Muthalali)

 

1959 – 70: Yusuf bin Ishak尤索夫·伊萨

 

1970 – 71: Yeoh Ghim Seng   楊錦生

 

1971 – 81: Benjamin Henry Sheares班傑明·亨利·薛爾思

 

1981: Yeoh Ghim Seng楊錦生

 

1981 – 85: Chengara Veetil Devan Nair  蒂凡那

 

1985: Wee Chong Jin  黄宗仁

 

1985: Yeoh Ghim Seng楊錦生

 

1985 – 93: Wee Kim Wee黃金輝

 

1993 – 99: Ong Teng Cheong  王鼎昌

 

1999 – 11: Sellapan Ramanathan Nathan塞拉潘·納丹 செல்லப்பன் ராமநாதன்

 

2011 -: Tony Tan Keng Yam陈庆炎டோனி டேன் கெங் யம்

 

 

 

Thailand/ประเทศไทย (Thai)

 

 

9000 a.c – s. VI d.c: Thai/ไทย (Thai)

 

s. VI – 738: Dvarati/ ทวารวดี (Thawarawadi)

 

738 – 1239: Nanchao/ อาณาจักรน่านเจ้า (Xāāckr ǹān cêā)

 

1239 – 1767: Siam/ สยาม (S̄yām)

 

1767: Burma/ ประเทศพม่า (Pratheṣ̄ phm̀ā)

 

1767 -: Kingdom/ ราชอาณาจักร (Ratcha Anachak)

 

 

Kings/ท้าว (Thaao)

Prime ministres/นายกมนตรีแห้ง (Na-Yok Ratha Montri Haeng)

1868 – 1910: Chulalongkorn พระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว

1932 – 33: Phya Manopakorn Nitithada  พระยามโนปกรณ์นิติธาดา

1910 – 25: Vajiravudh พระบาทสมเด็จพระมงกุฎเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว

1933 – 38: Phya Phahol Phonphayuhasena พลเอกพระยาพหลพลพยุหเสนา

1925 – 36: Prajadhipok พระบาทสมเด็จพระปกเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว

1938 – 44: Plaek Pibulsongkram แปลก พิบูลสงคราม or . พิบูลสงคราม

1936 – 41: Ananda Mahidol พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรมหาอานันทมหิดลฯ พระอัฐมรามาธิบดินทร

1944 – 45: Khuang Aphaiwong พันตรีควง อภัยวงศ์

 

Japanese Commanders/ญี่ปุ่น แม่ทัพ (Yee bpoon Maae thap

1945: Thawi Bunyaket  ทวี บุณยเกตุ

1941 – 43: Iida Shojiro

1945 – 46: Seni Pramoj หม่อมราชวงศ์เสนีย์ ปราโมช

1943 – 45: Akita Nakamura

1946: Khuang Aphaiwong พันตรีควง อภัยวงศ์

Kings/ท้าว (Thaao)

1946: Pridi Banomyong ปรีดี พนมยงค์

1945 – 46: Ananda Mahidol พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรมหาอานันทมหิดลฯ พระอัฐมรามาธิบดินทร

1946 – 47: Thawan Thamrongnawasawat พลเรือตรี ถวัลย์ ธำรงนาวาสวัสดิ์

1946 -: Bhumibol Adulyadej ภูมิพลอดุลยเดช

1947 – 48: Khuang Aphaiwong พันตรีควง อภัยวงศ์

 

1948 – 57: Plaek Pibulsongkram แปลก พิบูลสงคราม or . พิบูลสงคราม

 

1957: Pote Sarasin พจน์ สารสิน

 

1958: Thanom Kittikachorn จอมพลถนอม กิตติขจร

 

1958 – 63: Sarit Thanarat สฤษดิ์ ธนะรัชต์

 

1963 – 73: Thanom Kittikachorn  จอมพลถนอม กิตติขจร

 

1973 – 75: Sanya Thammasak สัญญา ธรรมศักดิ์

 

1975: Seni Pramoj  หม่อมราชวงศ์เสนีย์ ปราโมช

 

1975 – 76: Kukrit Pramoj คึกฤทธิ์ ปราโมช

 

1976: Seni Pramoj  หม่อมราชวงศ์เสนีย์ ปราโมช

 

1976 – 77: Thanin Kraivichien  ธานินทร์ กรัยวิเชียร

 

1977 – 80: Kriangsak Chomanan เกรียงศักดิ์ ชมะนันทน์

 

1980 – 88: Prem Tinsulanond เปรม ติณสูลานนท์

 

1988 – 91: Chatichai Choonhavan  ชาติชาย ชุณหะวัณ

 

1991: Suthorn Kongsompong

 

1991 – 92: Anand Panyarachun อานันท์ ปันยารชุน

 

1992: Suchinda Kraprayoon สุจินดา คราประยูร

 

 

1992: Anand Panyarachun อานันท์ ปันยารชุน

 

1992 – 95: Chuan Leekpai ชวน หลีกภัย

 

1995 – 96: Banharn Silpa-archa  บรรหาร ศิลปอาชา

 

1996 – 97: Chavalit Yongchaiyudh ชวลิต ยงใจยุทธ

 

1997 – 2001: Chuan Leekpai ชวน หลีกภัย

 

2001 – 06: Thaksin Shinawatra ทักษิณ ชินวัตร

 

2006: Sonthi Boonyaratkalin สนธิ บุญยรัตกลิน

 

2006 – 08: Surayud Chulanont  สุรยุทธ์ จุลานนท์

 

2008: Samak Sundaravej สมัคร สุนทรเวช

 

2008: Somchai Wongsawat สมชาย วงศ์สวัสดิ์

 

2008: Chaovarat Chanweerakul ชวรัตน์ ชาญวีรกุล

 

2008 – 11: Abhisit Vejjajiva อภิสิทธิ์ เวชชาชีวะ

 

2011 – 14: Yingluck Shinawatra ยิ่งลักษณ์ ชินวัตร

 

2014: Niwattumrong Boonsongpaisan นิวัฒน์ธำรง บุญทรงไพศาล

 

2014 -: Prayuth Chan-ocha ประยุทธ์ จันทร์โอชา

 

 

Timor-Leste/ Timor-Leste/ Timór Lorosa'e

 

42000 a.c – 3000 a.c: Vedda

 

3000 a.c  -1515 d.c: Melanesian/Melanesia

 

1515 – 1941: Portugal

 

1941 – 42: Australia

 

1942 – 45: Japan/Japaun/Japão

 

1945 -76: Portugal

 

1976 – 2002: Indonesia/Indonezia

 

2002 -: Democratic Republic/Repúblika Demokrátika/ República Democrática

 

 

Governors/ Governadores

Prime minister/ Primeiro-ministro/ Primeiru ministru

1894 – 1908: José Celestino da Silva

1975: Nicolau dos Reis Lobato

1908: Jaime Augusto Vieira da Rocha

2001 – 06: Mari Bim Amude Alkatiri

                                 

1908 – 09: Eduardo Augusto Marqués

2006 – 07: José Manuel Ramos-Horta

1909 – 10: Gonçalo Pereira Pimenta de Castro

2007: Estanislau da Conceição da Silva

1910: Alfredo Augusto Soveral Martins

2007 – 15: Xanana Gusmão

1910: Anselmo Augusto Coelho de Carvalho

2015 -: Rui Maria de Araújo

1910: José Carrazeda aldas Viana e Andrade

 

1911 – 13: Filomeno da Cámara Melo Cabral

 

1913 – 14: Gonçalo Pereira Pimenta de Castro

 

1914 – 17: Filomeno da Cámara Melo Cabral

 

1917: César de Abreu

 

1917 – 19: Luís Augusto de Oliveira Franco

 

1919 – 20: Manuel Paulo de Sousa Gentil

 

1920 – 21: Luís Augusto de Oliveira Franco

 

1921: José de Paiva Gomes

 

1921: Humberto dos Santos Leitão

 

1921 – 23: José de Paiva Gomes

 

1923 – 24: Humberto dos Santos Leitão

 

1924 – 26: Raimundo Enes Meira

 

1926 – 29: Teófilo Duarte

 

1929 – 30: Cesário Augusto de Almeida Viana

 

1930: Abel Teixeira Costa Tavares

 

1930 – 33: Antonio Baptista Justo

 

1933 – 36: Raúl de Antas Manso Preto Mendes Cruz

 

1936: Eduardo Bernardo Lápido Loureiro

 

1937 – 40: Álvaro Eugénio Neves de Fontoura

 

1940: António Jacinto Magro

 

1940 – 45: Manuel de Abreu Ferreira de Carvalho

 

 

Allied Commanders/ Comandantes Aliados/ Komandante Aliados

 

1941 – 42: William Watt Leggatt

 

 

Japanese Commanders/ Comandantes Japonês/Komandante Japonees

 

1942: Ito Takeo

 

1942: Sadashichi Doi

 

1942 – 44: Yuichi Tsuchihashi

 

1944 - 45: Kunitaro Yamada

 

 

Governors/ Governadores

 

1946 – 50: Óscar Freire de Vasconcelos Ruas

 

1950 – 58: César Maria de Serpa Rosa

 

1959 – 63: Filipe José Freire Temudo Barat

 

1963 – 68: José Alberty Correia

 

1968 – 72: José Nogueira Valente Pires

 

1972 – 74: Fernando Alves Adeía

 

1974 – 75: Mário Lemos Pires

 

 

Presidents/ Presidentes/Prezidenti         

 

1975 – 78: Francisco Xavier do Amaral 

 

1978: Nicolau dos Reis Lobato

 

 

President of the Provisional Government/ Presidente do Governo Provisório/Prezidenti Governu Provizoriu

 

1975 – 76: Arnaldo dos Reis Araújo

 

 

Governors/ Governadores

 

1976 – 78: Arnaldo dos Reis Araújo

 

1978 – 82: Guilherme Maria Gonçalves

 

1982 – 92: Mário Viegas Carrascalão

 

1992 – 99: Abilio José Osório Soares

 

 

UN Administrator/ Administrador da ONU             

 

1999 – 2002: Sérgio Vieira de Mello

 

Presidents/ Presidentes/Prezidenti

 

2002 – 07: Xanana Gusmão

 

2007 – 12: José Manuel Ramos-Horta

 

2012 -: Taur Matan Ruak (Jose Maria Vasconcelos)

 

 

 

Vietnam/ Vit Nam

 

2809 a.c – 258 a.c: Kingdom/Vương quc

 

 

258 a.c – 111 a.c: Au Lac

 

 

111 a.c – 40 d.c: China/ Trung Quc

 

 

40 – 43: Kingdom/Vương quc

 

 

43 – 544: China/ Trung Quc

 

 

544 – 602: Kingdom/Vương quc

 

 

602 – 939: China/ Trung Quc

 

 

939 – 1414: Kingdom/Vương quc

 

 

1414 – 26: China/ Trung Quc

 

 

1426 – 1873: Kingdom/Vương quc

 

 

1873 – 1945: France/Pháp

 

 

1945: Japan/Nht Bn

 

 

1945 – 46: France/Pháp

 

 

1946 – 54: Democratic Republic/ Dân Ch Cng Hòa

 

 

1954 – 76: South Vietnam and North Vietnam/ Vit Nam Cng Hòa và Vit Nam Dân Ch Cng Hòa

 

 

1976 -: Socialist Republic/ Cng hòa Xã hi ch nghĩa

 

 

Governors-general/Toàn quyn

Prime Ministers/                 Th tướng

South Vietnam/ Nam Vit Nam

1897 – 1902: Joseph Athanase Paul Doumer

1945: Pham Quynh

Conchinchina Lieutenant governors/ Nam Kỳ khâm sai Thon Doc

1902 – 08: Jean Baptiste Paul Beau

1945: Tran Trong Kim

1898 – 1901: Édouard Picanon

1908: Louis Alphonse Bonhoure

1945 – 55: Ho Chi Minh

1901 – 02: Henri Félix de Lamothe

1908 – 10: Antony Wladislas Klobukowski

1955 – 87: Pham Van Dong

1902 – 06: François Pierre Rodier

1910 – 11: Albert Jean George Marie Louis Picquié

1987 – 88: Pham Hung

1906 – 07: Olivier Charles de Calan

1911: Paul Louis Luce

1988: Vo Van Kiet

1907 – 09: Louis Alphonse Bonhoure

1911 – 14: Albert Pierre Sarraut

1988 – 91: Do Muoi 

1909 – 16: Jules Maurice Gourbeil

1914 – 15: Joost van Vollenhouven

1991 – 97: Vo Van Kiet

Governors/ Thon Doc

1915 – 16: Ernest Nestor Roume

1997 – 2006: Phan Van Khai

1916 – 21: Maurice Joseph La Gallen

1916 -  17: Jean Eugène Charles

2006 -: Nguyen Tan Dung

1920 – 21: Maurice Joseph La Gallen

1917 – 19: Albert Pierre Sarraut

 

1921 -  26: Maurice Cognacq 

1919 – 20: Maurice Antoine François Montguillot

 

1926 – 29: Paul Marie Alexis de la Brosse

1920 – 22: Maurice Long

 

1929: Auguste Eugène Ludovic Tholance

1922: François Marius Baudouin

 

1929 – 34: Jean-Félix Krautheimer

1922 – 25: Martial Henri Merlin

 

1934 – 39: Pierre André Michel Pagès 

1925: Maurice Antoine François Montguillot

 

1939 – 40: René Veber

1925 – 28: Alexandre Varenne

 

1940 – 42: Henri Georges Rivoal

1928: Maurice Antoine François Montguillot

 

1942 – 45: Ernest Thimothée Hoeffel

1928 – 34: Pierre Marie Antoine Pasquier

 

Japanese Governors/ Tiếng Nht Thon Doc

1934 – 36: Eugène Jean Louis René Robin

 

1945: Minoda Fujio

1936 – 39: Joseph Jules Brévié

 

Allied Military governors/Su lien Minh Quân đi Thon Doc

1939 – 40: Georges Catroux

 

1945 – 46: Douglas David Gracey

1940 – 45: Jean Decoux