Heds of State/Jefes de Estado
  Terrorist Organizations Organizaciones Terroristas
 

 

 

 

 

                                           Political Ideology

 
Organizations: Abu Nidal Organization/
منظمة أبو نضال

Ideology: Left-wing

Location: Iraq,Lebanon,Libya

 

 

Leader/ الزعيم



1974 – 2004:
Sabri al-Banna "Abu Nidal صبري خليل البنا

 

Organizations: Action Directe

Ideology: Leftist

Location: France, West Germany, Belgium

 

 

Leaders

1977 – 87: Jean-Marc Rouillan,Nathalie Ménigon,Joëlle Aubron,Régis Schleicher,Georges Cipriani

 

Organizations: Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades/ كتائب شهداء الأقصى

Ideology: Nationalist

Location: Palestine,Israel

 

 

Leader / الزعيم

2002 -: Marwan Barghouti مروان البرغوثي

 

Organizations: Argentine Anticommunist Alliance/Alianza Argentina Anticomunista

Ideology: Right-wing

Location: Argentina

 

 

Leader/Lider

1973 – 76: José López Rega

 

Organizations: Army for the Liberation of Rwanda/ Armée pour la Libération du Rwanda

Ideology: Nationalist

Location: Rwanda

 

 

Leader

1994 – 2001: Paul Rwarakabije

 

Organizations: Babbar Khalsa International/ ਬੱਬਰ ਖ਼ਾਲਸਾ

Ideology: Nationalist

Location: India,Pakistan

 

 

Leader/ Aggu

1992 – 2006: Paramjit Singh Bheora

2006 -: Wadhawa Singh

 

Organizations: Black September منظمة أيلول الأسود (Munazzamat aylul al-aswad)

Ideology: Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Israel,Germany

 

 

Leader/ الزعيم

1971 – 74: Mohammad Oudeh

 

Organizations: Brazilian Integralism / Integralismo brasileiro

Ideology: Nationalist/Right-wing

Location: Brazil

 

 

Secretary-general/ Secretário-geral

1932 – 34: Plínio Salgado

 

Organizations: Boomerang

Ideology: Right-wing/Ethnic/racist

Location: Brazil

 

 

Secretary-general/ Secretário-geral

2002: Thomas Vogel Vorster

 

Organizations: Combat 18

Ideology: Right-wing/Ethnic/Racist

Location: United Kingdom

 

 

Leaders

1998: David Myatt,Charlie Sargent

 

Organizations: Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine-Hawatmeh Faction/ الجبهة الديمقراطية لتحرير فلسطين بين الفصائل حواتمة

Ideology: Nationalist/Left

Location: Syria,Lebanon,Palestine

 

 

Secretary-general/ الامين العام

1969 -:Naif Hawatmeh "Abu an-Nuf" نايف حواتمة

 

Organizations: Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo

Ideology: Leftist

Location: Argentina

 

 

Commanders/Comandante

1974 – 76: Mario Roberto Santucho

1976 – 77: Enrique Gorriarán Merlo

 

Organizations: Basque Homeland and Freedom (ETA)/ Patria Vasca y Libertad/ Euskadi Ta Askatasuna

Ideology: Nationalist/Separation

Location: Spain

 

 

Leaders/Lider

1959 – 19.: Julen Madariaga,José Maria Benito del Valle

19. – 83: José Astorquiza "Pottoka"

19. – 87: Domingo Iturbe Abasolo "Txomin"

1. – 1996: Alberto Félix López de Lacalle "Mobutu"

1996 – 98: Mikel Albizu "Antza"

1998 – 2000: Ignacio Gracia Arregui "Iñaki de Rentería"

1996 – 98: Mikel Albizu "Antza"

2000 – 01: Francisco Javier Garcia Gaztelu

2001 – 04: Mikel Albizu "Antza"

 

Organizations: Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front/ rente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional

Ideology: Leftist

Location: El Salvador,Honduras

 

 

Leaders/Lider

1980 – 91: Schafik Jorge Hándal

 

Organizations: Ethnocaserista

Ideology: Right-wing/Ethnic-Nationalist

Location: Peru

 

 

Leaders/Lider

2000 -: Antauro Humala

 

Organizations: Quebec Liberation Front/Front de Libération du Québec

Ideology: Nationalist/Separatist,Communist/Socialist

Location: Canada

 

Leaders

1963: Georges Schoeters

1965 – 75: Charles Gagnon

 

Organizations: Japanese Red Army/日本赤軍(Nihon Sekigun)

Ideology: Communist/Socialist

Location: Japan

 

 

Leaders/指導者               

1970 – 87: Osamu Maruoka

1987 – 2001: Fusako Shigenobu

 

Organizations: Khmer Rouge

Ideology: Communist/Socialist

Location: Cambodia

 

 

Leaders

1963 – 98: Pol Pot

1998 – 99: Ta Mok

 

Organizations: Kosovo Liberation Army / Ushtria Çlirimtare e Kosovës

Ideology: Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Serbia

 

 

Leaders/ Udhëheqësit

1999: Sulejman Selimi

1999: Agim Çeku

 

Organizations: Kurdistan Workers' /پارتی کار کهرانی کوردستان (Party Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan )

Ideology: Leftist

Location: Turkey,Europe,Syria, and the Middle East

 

 

Leaders

1978 -: Abdullah Öcalan "Serok Apo"

1999 -: Osman Öcalan

 

Organizations: Laskar Jihad

Ideology: Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Indonesia

 

 

Leaders

2002 -: Jafar Umar Thalib

 

Organizations: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam தமிழீழ விடுதலைப் புலிகள் (Tami iia viutalaip pulika )

Ideology: Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Sri Lanka

 

 

Leaders

1976 – 2009: Velupillai Prabhakaran "Thambi"  

2009 -: Selvarasa Pathmanathan

 

Organizations: Loyalist Volunteer Force

Ideology: Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Northern Ireland

 

 

Leaders

1996 – 97: Billy "King Rat" Wright

1997 – 2002: Mark "Swinger" Fulton

 

Organizations: Macedonian Revolutionary Organization/ Внатрешна Македонска Револуционерна Организација (Vnatreshna Makedonska Revolutsionerna Organizatsiјa)

Ideology: Racist,Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Macedonia

 

 

Leaders

? -: Ljupco Mircevski-Trepet

 

Organizations: Mojahedin-e-Khalq/ سازمان مجاهدين خلق ايران (Sāzmān-e mojāhedin-e khalq-e irān)

Ideology: Leftist

Location: Iran,Iraq,France

 

 

Leaders

Presidents-Elect

1965 -:Mohammad Hanifnejad,Saied Mohsen,Ali-Asghar Badizadegan                                             

1981 – 93: Abolhassan Bani-Sadr  ابوالحسن بنیصدر

Chairman of the National Council of the Resistance

1993 -: Maryam Rajavi مریم رجوی

1981 -: Massoud Rajavi مسعود رجوی

 

 

Organizations: National Liberation Front of Corsica/ Fronte di Liberazione Naziunale Corsu

Ideology: Nationalist/Separatist

Location: France

 

 

Leaders

1976 - ?: Francois Santoni,Jean-Michel Rossi 

 

Organizations: National Liberation Army/Ejercito de Liberacion Nacional

Ideology: Leftist

Location: Colombia 

 

 

Leaders/Lideres

1965 - 70: Fabio Vásquez Castaño

1970: Nicolás Rodríguez Bautista "Gabino",Gregorio Pérez Martínez "el Cura Pérez"

 

Organizations: New People's Army/ Bagong Hukbong Bayan

Ideology: Leftist

Location: Philippines

 

 

Leaders/Lideres

1969 -: Jose Maria Sison "Armando Liwanag"

 

Organizations: Organisation de l'Armée Secrète

Ideology: Right-wing

Location: Algeria,France

 

 

Leaders

1961 – 62: Raoul Albin Louis Salan

 

Organizations: Palestine Liberation Front (PLF)-Abu Abbas Faction/ جبهة التحرير الفلسطينية   فصيل ابو العباس

Ideology: Leftist

Location: Tunisia,Algeria,Libya,Palestine,Iraq

 

Secretaries-general/ الأمناء العامين

1961 – 67: Ahmad Jabril  احمد جبريل

1977 – 84: Tal'at Ya'akub طلعت يعقوب,Muhammad Zaidan "Abu Abbas" محمد زيدان "ابو العباس"

pro-Syrian faction in Damascus الفصائل الموالية لسوريا في دمشق

1984 – 88: Abd al-Fatah Ghanim عبد الفتاح غانم

pro-Syrian/Libyan faction in Damascus

1984 – 88: Tal'at Ya'akub طلعت يعقوب

pro-PLO/Iraqi faction in Tunis

1984 – 2003: Muhammad Zaidan "Abu Abbas" محمد زيدان "ابو العباس"

 


Organizations: Palestinian Popular Struggle Front/ جبهة النضال الشعبي الفلسطيني (Jabhat al-nidal al-sha'biyya al-filastini)

Ideology: Nationalist/Separatist,Communist/Socialist

Location: Syria,Lebanon,Israel,Palestine

 

 

Secretary-general/ الامين العام

1967 – 2000: George Habash "Al-Hakim" جورج حبش "الحكيم"

2000 – 01: Mustafa Zibri "Abu Ali Mustafa" ابو علي مصطفى

2001 -: Ahmed Saadat  حمد سعدات

 

Organizations: Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command / الجبهة الشعبية لتحرير فلسطين - القيادة العامة

Ideology: Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Syria,Lebanon,Israel,Palestine

 

 

Secretary-general/ الامين العام

1968 -: Ahmad Jabril احمد جبريل

 

Organizations: Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-Special Operations Group/ الجبهة الشعبية لتحرير فلسطين مجموعة العمليات الخاصة

Ideology: Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Syria,Lebanon,Israel,Palestine

 

 

Secretary-general/ الامين العام

1969 – 78: Wadie Haddad "Abu Hani"

 

Organizations: Real IRA/ Óglaigh na hÉireann

Ideology: Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Northern Ireland,Ireland,Great Britain

 

 

Secretary-general

1998: Michael "Mickey" McKevitt

 

Organizations: Red Army Faction/ Rote Armee Fraktion

Ideology: Maoist

Location: Germany

 

Leaders/ Führung

1968 – 77: Andreas Baader,Ulrike Meinhof

 

 

Organizations: Red Brigades/ Brigate Rosse

Ideology: Marxist

Location: Italy

 

 

Leaders

1970 – 84: Renato Curcio

 

Organizations: Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia -People's Army/ Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia- Ejército Popular   

Ideology: Marxist

Location: Colombia

 

 

Leaders/Lider

1964 – 90: Luis Morantes "Jacobo Arenas"

1990 -: Manuel Marulanda Vélez "Tirofijo"

 

Organizations: Revolutionary Organization 17 November/ Επαναστατική Οργάνωση 17 Νοέμβρη (Epanastatiki Organosi dekaefta Noemvri)

Ideology: Leftist

Location: Greece

 

 

Leaders/ Ηγέτες

1975 – 2002: Alexandros Giotopoulos

 

Organizations: Revolutionary United Front

Ideology: N.d

Location: Sierra Leone,Liberia,Guinea

 

 

Leaders

1991 – 2000: Foday Saybana Sankoh

2000 – 02: Issa Sesay

 

Organizations: Sandinista National Liberation Front/ Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional

Ideology: Marxist

Location: Nicaragua

 

 

Leaders/Lideres

1961 – 90: Daniel Ortega

 

Organizations: Sendero Luminoso

Ideology: Maoist

Location: Peru

 

 

Leaders/Lideres

1960 – 92: Abimael Guzmán Reynoso

1992 – 99: Oscar Alberto Ramierz Durand "Feliciano"

 

Organizations: Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement/Movimiento Revolucionario Tupac Amaru

Ideology: Marxist

Location: Peru,Bolivia,throughout Latin America

 

 

Leaders/Lideres

1984 – 97: Néstor Cerpa Cartolini "Comandante Evaristo"

1984 – 92: Victor Polay Campos "Comandante Rolando"

 

Organizations: Tupamaros

Ideology: Marxist

Location: Uruguay,Argentina,Cuba

 

 

Leaders/Lideres

1962 – 85: Raúl Sendic Antonaccio

 

Organizations: Ulster Volunteer Force/ Óglaigh Uladh

Ideology: Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Northern Ireland

 

 

Leaders

1912 – 35: Edgard Carson

1966 – 84: Augustus 'Gusty' Spence

 

Organizations: United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia/ Autodefensas Unidas de las Fuerzas de Defensa de Colombia

Ideology: Nationalist/Separatist,Right-Wing Conservative

Location: Colombia

 

 

Supreme Leaders/Lideres Supremos

1997– 2004: Carlos Castaño Gil

2004 – 06: Vicente Castaño

 

Organizations: Zapatista National Liberation Army/Ejercito de Liberacion Nacional Zapatista

Ideology: Nationalist/Separatist,Communist/Socialist

Location: Mexico

 

 

Subcommandante

1994 – 2014: Marcos (Rafael Sebastián Guillén Vicente)

 

                                                 Religious Ideology

 

Organizations: 28 May Armenian Organization

Ideology: Muslim,Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Turkey

 

 

Emir

? – 2010: Abdullah Rashid al-Baghdadi

 

Organizations: Abu Sayyaf Group جماعة أبو سياف(Jamā´ah Abū Sayyāf)

Ideology: Muslim,Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Philippines

 

 

Leaders/ القادة

1991 – 98: Abdurajik Abubakar Janjalani

1998 – 2006: Khadafi Janjalani

2007: Radullan Sahiron رادولان ساهيرون     

2007 -: Yasser Igasan

 

Organizations: Aum Shinrikyoオウム真理教 (Ōmu Shinrikyō)

Ideology: Religious,Sectarianism

Location: Japan

 

 

Supreme Leaders最高指導者    

1984 – 99: Shoko Asahara

1999 -: Fumihiro Joyu

 

Organizations: Boko Haram

Ideology: Islamic

Location: Nigeria

 

Leaders

2002 – 09: Ustaz Mohammed Yusuf

2009 -: Abubakar Shekau

 

 

Organizations: Egyptian Islamic Jihad/ الجهاد الإسلامي المصري

Ideology: Muslim

Location: Egypt

 

 

Spiritual Leader/ الزعيم الروحي

Leaders/ القادة

1970 -: Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman / الشيخ عمر عبد الرحمن

1970 – 19.: Abbud al-Zumar al-Sharif

 

19. -: Ayman al-Zawahri أيمن محمد ربيع الظواهري

 

Talaa'al Fateh ("Vanguards of Conquest") faction/ طلائع الفتح فصيل

 

? -: Ahmed Husayn Agiza أحمد حسين عجيزة

 

Organizations: Hamas/ حماس

Ideology: Muslim,Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Israel,Palestine

 

 

Spiritual Leader/ الزعيم الروحي

Leaders/ القادة

1987 – 2004: Sheikh Ahmed Yassin الشيخ أحمد إسماعيل ياسين

1987 – 2004: Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi عبدالعزيز الرنتيسي

Leader in Gaza Strip الشركة الرائدة في قطاع غزة

2004 -: Mahmoud al-Zahar محمود الزهار

2004: Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi عبدالعزيز الرنتيسي

Political leader/leader of Syrian branch زعيم سياسي / رئيس فرع السورية

 

2004 -: Khaled Meshaal خالد مشعل

 

Organizations: Hezbollah/ حزب الل

Ideology: Muslim,Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Israel,Palestine

 

 

Spiritual Leader/ الزعيم الروحي

Secretaries-general/ الأمناء العامين

1982 -: Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah  محمد حسين فضل الل 

1982 – 91: Sheikh Suhbi al-Tufayli

 

1991 – 92: Sheikh Abbas al-Musawi عباس الموسوي

 

1992 -: Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah حسن نصرالله

 

Organizations: Irgun ארגון

Ideology: Jews

Location: Israel,Palestine

 

 

Leaders/ מנהיגים

1931 – 37: Avraham Tehomi

1947 – 48: Menachem Wolfovitch Begin

 

Organizations: Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan/ الحركة الإسلامية في أوزبكستان

Ideology: Muslim

Location: Uzbekistan

 

 

Leaders / القادة

1992 -: Tohir Abdouhalilovitch Yuldeshev طاهر يولداشيف,Juma Ahmadzhanovitch Khojayev

 

Organizations: Islamic State تنظيم الدولة الإسلامية

Ideology: Islamic, Jihadist

Location: Syria, Iraq, Libya,Lebanon,Nigeria,Yemen, Afghanistan, Pakistan

 

Caliph/ خِلافة

2006 - 10: Abu Abdullah al-Rashid al-Baghdadi

2010 -: Abu Bakr al-Baghdadiأبو بكر البغدادي

 

Organizations: Jaish-e-Mohammed جيش محمد

Ideology: Muslim,Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Pakistan

 

 

Leader

1994 -: Maulana Masood Azhar

 

Organizations: Jemaah Islamiyah/ الجماعه الإسلاميه

Ideology: Muslim,Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Pakistan

 

 

Spiritual Leader/ الزعيم الروحي

1969 – 99: Abdullah Sungkar عبدالله سونكار

1999 -: Riduan Isamuddin "Hambali"  رضوان عصام الدين "حنبلي"

 

Organizations: Kach/Kahane Chai/ כהנא לכנסת

Ideology: Jews,Nationalist/Separatist,Ethnic

Location: Israel

 

 

Spiritual Leader/ רוחני

1972 – 90: Rabbi Meir David Kahane מאיר דוד כהנא

1990 – 2001: Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane בנימין זאב כהנא

2001 – 03: Efraim Hershkovits

 

Organizations: Khalistan Liberation Force ਖ਼ਾਲਿਸਤਾਨ

Ideology: Nationalist/Separatist,Ethnic

Location: India

 

 

Chiefs

1986 – 8.: Shaheed Aroor Singh

198. – 88: Shaheed Avtar Singh Brahma

1988 – 92: Shaheed Bhai Gurjant Singh Budhsinghwal

1992 – 19.: Shaheed Kuldip Singh Keepa Shekhupura 

199.  – 1994: Shaheed Navneet Singh Khadian

 

Organizations: Kurdish-Hizbullah (Turkish-Hizbullah)/ Hizbullahî Kurdî

Ideology: Nationalist/Separatist,Ethnic

Location: Turkey

 

Leaders

1980 – 2000: Huseyin Velioglu

 

Organizations: Lashkar-e-Tayyiba/ شکرطیبہ

Ideology: Muslim,Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Afghanistan,Pakistan,India

 

 

Leaders

1990 -: Hafiz Mohammed Saeed

 

Organizations: Lords Resistance Army

Ideology: Ethnic

Location: Sudan,Uganda

 

 

Prophet

1987 -: Joseph Kony 

 

Organizations: Moro Islamic Liberation Front/ جبهة تحرير مورو الإسلامية

Ideology: Muslim,Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Philippines

 

 

Leaders/ القادة

1977 -: Hashim Salamat

 

Organizations: Palestinian Islamic Jihad-Shaqaqi Faction/ الشقاقي حركة الجهاد الاسلامي الفلسطينية بين الفصائل

Ideology: Muslim,Nationalist/Separatist

Location: Israel,Palestine,Jordan,Lebanon,Iran,Syria

 

 

Secretaries-general/ الأمناء العامين

1979 – 95: Fathi Abd al-Aziz Shaqaqi فتحي الشقاقي

1995 -: Shiekh Abdullah Ramadan Shallah الشيخ عبد الله رمضان شلح

 

Organizations: al-Qaeda/ القاعدة

Ideology: Muslim

Location: Afghanistan, Pakistan,worldwide cells in several countries

 

 

Leaders/ القادة

1988 – 2011: Osama bin Mohammed bin Laden سامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن

2011 -: Aymán al Zawahirí ايمن الظواهري

 

Organizations: Qibla and People Against Gangsterism and Drugs

Ideology: Muslim

Location: South Africa

 

 

Leader of Qibla

Leader of PAGAD

1980 -: Achmad Cassiem

1996 – 2000: Abdus Salaam Ebrahim

 

Organizations: Stern Gang/ לוחמי חרות ישראל

Ideology: Left-wing

Location: Palestine,Egypt

 

Commanders/ המפקדים

1920 – 42: Abraham Stern אברהם שטרן



1942 -:
Israel Eldad ישראל אלדד,Natan Yellin-Mor נתן ילין-מור,Yitzhak Shamir יִצְחָק שָׁמִיר

 


 
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